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Измерение температуры пенобетона при термообработке микроволновым излучением

Измерительная техника. 2021. № 4. С. 44-48.
Мамонтов А. В., Нефедов В. Н., Назаров И. В., Симонов В. П., Хриткин С. А.

 

The actual problem of accelerating and reducing the energy costs of the foam concrete slabs heat treatment technological process is considered. It is shown that to solve this problem, it is advisable to use the microwave radiation energy as a heat source. The main advantages of the microwave method of foam concrete slabs heat treatment in comparison with traditional methods are considered. The design of a microwave installation for the foam concrete slabs heat treatment has been developed. The installed microwave radiation sources have energy outputs in the form of a rectangular waveguide openings, which are used as radiating antennas. Huygens-Kirchhoff method was used to calculate the temperature distribution on the foam concrete slab surface; the method of loaded long lines was used to calculate the temperature distribution over the foam concrete slab thickness. A method for measuring the foam concrete slab temperature distribution is proposed. The results of theoretical and experimental temperature distribution studies on the surface and the cross-section of foam concrete slab with a width of 1500 mm, a height of 1000 mm and a thickness of 200 mm, a density of 1000 kg/m3 on the electromagnetic fields oscillation frequency of 2450 MHz are shown. The obtained experimental results showed a high efficiency of using microwave radiation for the foam concrete slabs heat treatment technological processes. Microwave technologies can be used for heat treatment of products made of concrete, reinforced concrete and polymer composite materials.