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Article

Chinese Migrant Farmers in the Russian Far East: Impact on Rural Labor Markets

American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2020. Vol. 79. No. 5. P. 1455-1482.
Yi F., Gudaj R., Arefieva V., Yanbykh R., Mishchuk S., Potenko T., Zhou J., Zuenko I.

The close proximity of China and Russia, the activities of Chinese farmers, and the reduction in Russian labor resources have created job opportunities for Chinese workers in the Russian Far East (RFE). Chinese workers fill a labor shortage in agriculture, but little research has been done on them. We developed an econometric model to test the effects of Chinese intermittent migration on labor markets in the RFE. We found the proximity of Chinese to Russian farms reduces wages for both Russian and Chinese workers and increases their part‐time employment on Russian farms. The greater availability of Chinese workers in the region results in lower number of family members working on Russian farms. Thus, the influx of Chinese workers may contribute to demographic shifts in the Russian population.