Обеспечение онлайн доступа к товарам и услугам в рамках внутреннего рынка Европейского Союза
the article examines the measures taken at the European Union (EU) level to ensure online access to goods and services as an integral part of the internal market and the single digital market, in particular. Demonstrates the consistency, complexity and coordination of the actions of EU institutions to improve the efficiency of legal regulation in the field of electronic commerce. The experience of the EU can be useful for the Russian Federation as an active participant in interstate economic integration organizations, for example, the Eurasian Economic Union.
Despite the availability of price comparison websites, online retailers are still able to price differentiate. The explanation of price dispersion will enable us to determine the key drivers of price premia, which are set by some of the merchants. We build a conceptual model of online pricing. In order to explain the variation of prices for the same good across different merchants, we use both merchant's characteristics (such as reputation, store format, self-delivery opportunities, SEO quality, etc.) and market characteristics (mean price, technical complexity of product category, number of sellers, the variation of sellers' ratings, etc.). Econometric estimation of this model will allow figuring out on which markets a merchant with specific characteristics will be able to set a higher price premium, which is important for merchants that need to choose the distribution channels, SEO, targeted service quality, assortment, etc.
The article considers the tendency of impact on the state financial (and in the first place - monetary) policy of the CIS countries and the development of regional economic ties within the framework of e-commerce. The author notes that the national social and economic policy should take into account the new challenges caused by globalization of the world financial system and the electronic segment of the economy.
This volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Digital Transformation and Global Society, DTGS 2019, held in St. Petersburg, Russia, in June 2019.
The 56 revised full papers and 9 short papers presented in the volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 194 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on e-polity: governance; e-polity: politics online; e-city: smart cities and urban planning; e-economy: online consumers and solutions; e-society: computational social science; e-society: humanities and education; international workshop on internet psychology; international workshop on computational linguistics.
This collective monograph presents an interdisciplinary analysis of modern processes in the space of the Greater Europe macroregion. The paper provides assessments and recommendations for identifying the most promising areas of cooperation for the countries of the Eurasian continent. The research focuses on the analysis of the current state of the region from the point of view of globalization trends and complex interaction of two integration associations: the EU and the EAEU. Analyzed the economic, institutional and political aspects of regional integration, as well as the development of the international security system. The scientific project was implemented on the initiative of the Councils of Young Scientists of the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences and IMEMO RAS.
Continuing the research of predecessors on the development and crises in Europe and the near abroad, this work is intended to present their own view of the future of the Greater Europe macro-region. The main question posed by the authors of the monograph is - in what conditions could the countries of Greater Europe develop most successfully? What areas of regional integration (or disintegration) should receive the most attention when choosing a long-term development strategy, primarily within the EU and the EAEU? In order to get closer to the answer to this difficult question, it is necessary to analyze the integration processes in the region, to identify the main challenges and points of bifurcation. The specificity of the task at hand presupposes a fundamental analysis of a significant number of phenomena of social life, which are difficult not only to generalize, but also to present in one book. The authors of the monograph focused on a number of fundamental and most pressing issues of integration, which first of all require assessment and reflection.
The coronavirus pandemic (SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19, 2019nCoV), which, according to the Chinese office of the World Health Organization (WHO), began to spread from Wuhan no later than December 2019, now has secured its place among global security challenges. Scientists are trying to develop a vaccine against the 2019-nCoV virus, and WHO is helping them. According to the Nature magazine, in April 2020, more than 90 vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 were in the development of a number of pharmaceutical companies (for example, Moderna, Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, GlaxoSmithKline) and research groups at universities around the world. Researchers tested various technologies, some of which had not previously been used in licensed vaccines. In this paper, we will try to outline some trends in the fight against the pandemic within the countries of the Iberian Peninsula, special attention will be paid to information coverage of this process and misinformation (fake news phenomenon)
In this study, nine methods for measuring indirect importance are compared on the basis of their discriminatory power and stability. To the best knowledge of the authors, the stability of results obtained with different methods is assessed for the first time. The deficiencies of an existing criterion for assessing diagnosticity are pointed out and a modified version suggested. The empirical comparison is based on two real-world datasets from the ecommerce industry. Even though none of the methods appeared to be the best according to both criteria simultaneously, there seem to be grounds for recommending the theoretically sound Shapley value decomposition of R-square if stability and discrimination are about equally important for a decision maker, while negative contributions are undesirable.
XVI Congress of the European Constitutional Courts Conference which took place in Vienna in May 2014, revealed a trend of development and enforcement of cooperation between European countries' constitutional courts both horizontally and vertically, that is , on the national level and in the framework of cooperation with supranational bodies. This process is followed by the complication of the national constitutional courts' role: the right to control compatibility of national norms with the principles of European law, on the one hand, and supranational norms with national constitutions - on the other hand.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/