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Regular version of the site

Article

An algorithm for embedding information in digital images based on discrete wavelet transform and learning automata

Multimedia Tools and Applications. 2021. Vol. 80. No. 7. P. 11217-11238.
Evsyutin O., Култаев П. И.

The paper presents a new algorithm for embedding information in the frequency domain of the discrete wavelet-transform (DWT) of digital images. A block version of quantization index modulation (QIM) is used as a basic embedding operation. A distinctive feature of the algorithm consists in the adaptive selection of the data block size depending on the local properties of the cover image. It has been shown experimentally that for image areas containing a larger number of edge pixels, it is necessary to select blocks of greater length in the corresponding frequency domains. In addition, the problem of optimization the distortions in the blocks of DWT coefficients is substantiated and solved in order to improve the quality of embedding. A computing model of learning automata is used to solve this problem. The advantage of the obtained algorithm is that the receiver of the stego-image does not need additional information to extract the embedded message. The algorithm is highly efficient in terms of the main criteria of embedding quality and can be used both for embedding digital watermarks and arbitrary messages.