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Article

The multiplicative-additive Lambek calculus with subexponential and bracket modalities

Kanovich M., Kuznetsov S., Scedrov A.

We give a proof-theoretic and algorithmic complexity analysis for systems introduced by Morrill to serve as the core of the CatLog categorial grammar parser. We consider two recent versions of Morrill’s calculi, and focus on their fragments including multiplicative (Lambek) connectives, additive conjunction and disjunction, brackets and bracket modalities, and the ! subexponential modality. For both systems, we resolve issues connected with the cut rule and provide necessary modifications, after which we prove admissibility of cut (cut elimination theorem). We also prove algorithmic undecidability for both calculi, and show that categorial grammars based on them can generate arbitrary recursively enumerable languages.