Devatāsūtra в арабском «Сборнике летописей» Рашид ад-Дина
In the Compendium of Chronicles (Jāmi‘ al-tawārīkh) of a famous medieval scholar, physician, and influential vizier at the Ilkhanid court Rashīd al-Dīn Hamadhānī (1249/50–1318) that was compiled on the basis of the works of the court historian Abū-l-Qāsim Qāshānī (died after 1323/4), one finds the History of India (Tārīkh al-Hind wa’l-Sind), which contains a lengthy section about the Buddha and Buddhism. Among the Arabic sources on Buddhism, this work of Rashīd al-Dīn is considered to be the most important. One of the chapters in this section is a version of the famous Buddhist sutra adapted for the Muslim reader, in which the Buddhist teachings and ethical principles are presented in the form of questions-riddles addressed by a heavenly being to Buddha and his answers given to them. The article provides a survey of the Asiatic versions of this work that were in use in Buddhist cultures in the Middle Ages, as well as a comparison of the Muslim and Buddhist interpretations of this sutra presented in the Arabic version of the Compendium of Chronicles. The article is followed by an edition of the Arabic text of the sutra based on the only preserved manuscript from the London collection Khalili MSS 727, and its Russian translation.
In this article I examine the situation of girls in the North Caucasus, a region that combines features of both a traditional society with its emphasis on the value of religion, family, and older generations, and a modernized society with its emphasis on the economic emancipation of women, and the pursuit of self-development and individual life strategies. The research model used interviews with girls and an analysis of essays written by girls in high school to explore their life values, priorities, and the impact of religion and traditions on their lives. The research also sought to identify girls place in the gender, age, and status hierarchies of local societies. © Berghahn Journals.
The Society of Muslim Brotherhood (MB) is one of key actors in the political process in Egypt, however, its ideological agenda is still a subject of controversy. Some experts regard it as deriving from radical thoughts of Sayyid Qutb, who was a main ideologist of the Society in 1950s and 1960s, while the recent MB leaders claim to refuse it. This paper discusses the fundamental political concepts established by the most significant ideologists of the MB. A number of their basic works reflecting political, legal and social theories were collected and investigated. By analyzing and comparing the basic political ideas reflected in these sources, we were able to discover common roots in the theories of earlier and later generations and to trace differences between their views. It was concluded, that the contemporary MB thinkers generally adhere to modern and even reformist interpretations. This conclusion provides a quite different understanding of the Muslim Brotherhood ideology, which has been primarily perceived as a radical and ultra-conservative since the 1950s.
The Union Européenne des Arabisants et Islamisants (UEAI), the most prestigious association of European Arabists and Islamicists, was founded in 1962. It is has grown to become the preeminent academic network for Arabic and Islamic studies across Europe. Currently, the organisation has more than 300 members representing almost all European countries. The biannual academic conferences of the UEAI, always held in a different European country, are characterised by a broad spectrum of thematic papers and discussions in the various fields of Arabic and Islamic studies
An article devoted to political development in Egypt after the Revolution 25 January 2011. Authors concludes that country take a course on Islamisation of political system.