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Article

Человеческий капитал российских рабочих: состояние, динамика, факторы

Тихонова Н. Е., Каравай А. В., Латова Н. В.

The common indicators of the human capital of Russian blue collars are typical for the post-Soviet countries but are highly dispersed by age groups, industries, and types of settlement. Still, these indicators are very low for 75% of Russian blue collars, while the rest have quite high-quality human capital and constitute a talent pool for a tech breakthrough in the national economy. The core drawbacks in the human capital of Russian blue collars from both groups are the lack of professional education in the chosen area and poor inclusion in the system of further learning. These disadvantages are especially evident for blue collars in developed countries.

The quality of the human capital of Russian blue collars had gradually improved until the second half of the 2000s. However later, workers were less and less likely to choose a job corresponding to their major, and less often to obtain it. On the other hand, Russians with professional education were less likely to choose blue-collar jobs. The barriers to a better quality of human capital were no goals among workers, especially those with blue-collar family traditions, for upskilling, as well as a limited number of jobs promising high qualifications. The poor quality of human capital among most blue collars and their unwillingness to improve their skills are, in these conditions, a rational response to the situation at hand.