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## Analytical approach to synchronous states of globally coupled noisy rotators

We study populations of globally coupled noisy rotators(oscillators with inertia) allowing a nonequilibrium transition from a desynchronized state to a synchronous one (with the nonvanishing order parameter). The newly developed analytical approaches resulted in solutions describing the synchronous state with constant order parameter for weakly inertial rotators, including the case of zero inertia, when the model is reduced to the Kuramoto model of coupled noise oscillators. These approaches provide also analytical criteria distinguishing supercritical and subcritical transitions to the desynchronized state and indicate the universality of such transitions in rotator ensembles. All the obtained analytical results are confirmed by the numerical ones, both by direct simulations of the large ensembles and by solution of the associated Fokker–Planck equation. We also propose generalizations of the developed approaches for setups where different rotators parameters(natural frequencies, masses, noise intensities, strengths and phase shifts in coupling) are dispersed.