Changes in the Metastatic Properties of MDA-MB-231 Cells after IGFBP6 Gene Knockdown Is Associated with Increased Expression of miRNA Genes Controlling INSR, IGF1R, and CCND1 Genes
Metastatic cascade is associated with the process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition accompanied by changes in cell proliferation, migration, adhesion, and invasiveness mediated by the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signal pathway. IGFBP6 protein binds IGF and prevents its interaction with receptors. IGFBP6 gene knockdown through RNA-interference inhibits cell migration and increased the rate of proliferation of breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells. IGFBP6 knockdown cells are characterized by increased expression of MIR100 and MIRLET7A2 genes encoding hsa-miR-100-3p, hsa-miR-100-5p, hsa-let-7a-5p, and hsa-let-7a-2-3p miRNA. The target genes of these microRNAs are IGF2, IGF1R, INSR, and CCND1 associated with IGF signaling pathway and proliferative and migratory activity during the metastatic cascade. A significant decrease in the expression of INSR and CCND1 genes was demonstrated by PCR and microarray analysis.