On reduced forms of initialized Finite State Machines with timeouts
Trace models such as Finite State Machines (FSMs) are widely used in the area of analysis and synthesis of discrete event systems. FSM minimization is a well-known optimization problem which allows to reduce the number of FSM states by deriving the canonical form that is unique up to isomorphism. In particular, the latter is a base for FSM-based ‘black-box’ test derivation methods such as W-method and its modifications. Since nowadays the behavior of many software and hardware systems significantly depends on time aspects, classical FSMs are extended by clock variables including input and output timeouts. The minimization of a Timed Finite State Machine (TFSM) includes both state and time aspects reduction. Existing approaches allow to derive the canonical representation for non-initialized deterministic TFSMs while for initialized TFSMs, i.e., TFSMs with the designated initial state, several pair-wise non-isomorphic minimal forms can exist. In this paper, we determine initialized TFSM classes for which the minimal form is unique up to isomorphism.