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Regular version of the site

Article

Межрегиональные различия в оплате труда в России: роль долгосрочных структурных факторов

Вопросы экономики. 2020. № 11. С. 86-112.

This study analyzes wage differentials between Russian regions, focusing on
two long-term factors shaping them: different regional economic structures and
different living conditions. To examine the role of these factors we use microdata
from the Rosstat’s enterprise sample surveys conducted in 2005—2015,
combined with data from the aggregated regional-level statistics. By estimating
mincer-type wage equations extended with regional-level variables we show that
regional differences in employment composition explain no more than a third
of the total interregional variation in nominal wages. Wage compensations for
relatively worse living conditions (higher price levels, colder winter, and worse
environmental conditions) account for about a half of the remaining variation.
Both factors together explain about 60% of the total variation in nominal wages
among Russia’s regions. These findings contribute to a better understanding
of the nature of interregional wage differentials in Russia and have important
implications.