Взыскание собственником доходов и иных выгод, полученных арендодателем и арендатором в отсутствие правового основания. Комментарий к Определению Судебной коллегии по экономическим спорам ВС РФ от 26.11.2019 № 309-ЭС19-13850
There are two possible normative grounds for the restitution of profits from an unlawful possessor of the thing to its owner. First is the special rules on distribution of profits in case of vindicatio (article 303 of the Russian Civil Code). The second is the rules on unjustified enrichment. These two regimes do not fully coincide. On the one hand, they are quite similar in the regulation of disgorgement of profits. On the other hand, article 303 seems to provide more suitable regime for the compensation of money saved by the unlawful possessor. The recent judgment of the Supreme Court, which is commented in this article, confirms the priority of article 303 of the Russian Civil Code in the situation when the property is leased out by the unlawful possessor. It also highlights some special rules that apply to the claim by the owner to the unlawful possessor.