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Article

Гипоксия усиливает трансцитоз в энтероцитах кишечника

Мальцева Д. В., Шкурников М. Ю., Нерсисян С. А., Никулин С. В., Курносов А. А., Райгородская М. П., Осипьянц А. И., Тоневицкий Е. А.

The integrity of the intestinal epithelial cell lining is crucial for the normal intestinal function. As a rule, intestinal inflammation is associated with additional tissue hypoxia, leading to the loss of epithelial monolayer integrity. However, in the absence of visible damage to the epithelium, there still might be a risk of infection driven by changes in the intracellular transport of bacteria-containing vesicles. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of hypoxia on transcytosis using a human intestinal enterocyte model. We found that hypoxia enhances transcytosis of the model protein ricin 1.8-fold. The comparative transcriptome and proteome analyses revealed significant changes in the expression of genes involved in intracellular vesicle transport. Specifically, the expression of apoB (the regulator of lipid metabolism) was changed at both protein (6.5-fold) and mRNA (2.1-fold) levels. Further research is needed into the possible mechanism regulating gene expression in intestinal erythrocytes under hypoxic conditions.