Междисциплинарный подход к формированию системы антикоррупционного комплаенса в Российской Федерации
The article proposes an interdisciplinary approach to the development of the anti-corruption compliance concept in the Russian Federation. According to the authors, the anti-corruption compliance system should incorporate the main achievements of the sciences of international law, criminal law, criminal procedure law, criminalistics, and investigative activities. This approach can contribute to designing, implementing, and maintaining effective anti-corruption compliance programmes in the corporate sector.
The authors propose an own definition and a general overview of the anti-corruption compliance, and analyse main reasons for implementation of anti-corruption compliance in companies. Special attention is paid to distinctive features of legal regulation of the anti-corruption compliance in Russia and in foreign countries. The article contributes to the integration of main scientific definitions and concepts from criminal law and criminalistics, such as corruption crime, corruption offences and corruption risks into the concept of anti-corruption compliance system.
The main aim of implementation of the anti-corruption compliance in companies is to prevent committing corruption offences by employees, business partners and other associated persons. The authors come to the conclusions that the use of interdisciplinary classifications and descriptions of corruption offences and best investigative methods and practices can significantly increase an effectiveness of anti-corruption compliance programmes.
According to the authors, the proposed interdisciplinary approach can be used for development and implementation of anti-corruption compliance standards and guidelines aimed at protection of Russian companies from corruption risks.