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Article

Characteristic points, fundamental cubic form and Euler characteristic of projective surfaces

Moscow Mathematical Journal. 2020. Vol. 20. No. 3. P. 511-530.
Kazaryan M., Uribe-Vargas R.

We define local indices for projective umbilics and godrons (also called cusps of Gauss) on generic smooth surfaces in projective 3-space. By means of these indices, we provide formulas that relate the algebraic numbers of those characteristic points on a surface (and on domains of the surface) with the Euler characteristic of that surface (resp. of those domains). These relations determine the possible coexistences of projective umbilics and godrons on the surface. Our study is based on a "fundamental cubic form" for which we provide a closed simple expression.