### Article

## Universal intermediate gradient method for convex problems with inexact oracle

In this paper, we propose new first-order methods for minimization of a convex function on a simple convex set. We assume that the objective function is a composite function given as a sum of a simple convex function and a convex function with inexact Hölder-continuous subgradient. We propose Universal Intermediate Gradient Method. Our method enjoys both the universality and intermediateness properties. Following the ideas of Nesterov (Math. Program. 152 (2015), pp. 381–404) on Universal Gradient Methods, our method does not require any information about the Hölder parameter and constant and adjusts itself automatically to the local level of smoothness. On the other hand, in the spirit of the Intermediate Gradient Method proposed by Devolder et al. (CORE Discussion Paper 2013/17, 2013), our method is intermediate in the sense that it interpolates between Universal Gradient Method and Universal Fast Gradient Method. This allows to balance the rate of convergence of the method and rate of the oracle error accumulation. Under the additional assumption of strong convexity of the objective, we show how the restart technique can be used to obtain an algorithm with faster rate of convergence.

In this paper we consider the task of inner objects mapping for the building with a bunch of moving around it autonomous agents which use narrow beam of radio waves using WiFi frequency (2.4 GHz). Linear model of pixel-wise radio waves attenuation is considered. SIRT algorithm with TV and Tikhonov regularizations is used for the task of tomography reconstruction. Properties of the presented model are studied during simulation using synthetic data consisting of 8 buildings with inner object with different shapes. Dependency between mapping quality and transmission power is found. Simulation results confirm suggested approachs usability

In this paper we consider the task of inner objects mapping for the building with a bunch of moving around it autonomous agents which use narrow beam of radio waves using WiFi frequency (2.4 GHz). Linear model of pixel-wise radio waves attenuation is considered. SIRT algorithm with TV and Tikhonov regularizations is used for the task of tomography reconstruction. Properties of the presented model are studied during simulation using synthetic data consisting of 8 buildings with inner object with different shapes. Mapping quality depends on transmission power is found. Simulation results confirm suggested approach usability.

Modern imaging methods rely strongly on Bayesian inference techniques to solve challenging imaging problems. Currently, the predominant Bayesian computation approach is convex optimization, which scales very efficiently to high-dimensional image models and delivers accurate point estimation results. However, in order to perform more complex analyses, for example, image uncertainty quantification or model selection, it is necessary to use more computationally intensive Bayesian computation techniques such as Markov chain Monte Carlo methods. This paper presents a new and highly efficient Markov chain Monte Carlo methodology to perform Bayesian computation for high-dimensional models that are log-concave and nonsmooth, a class of models that is central in imaging sciences. The methodology is based on a regularized unadjusted Langevin algorithm that exploits tools from convex analysis, namely, Moreau--Yoshida envelopes and proximal operators, to construct Markov chains with favorable convergence properties. In addition to scaling efficiently to high-dimensions, the method is straightforward to apply to models that are currently solved by using proximal optimization algorithms. We provide a detailed theoretical analysis of the proposed methodology, including asymptotic and nonasymptotic convergence results with easily verifiable conditions, and explicit bounds on the convergence rates. The proposed methodology is demonstrated with four experiments related to image deconvolution and tomographic reconstruction with total-variation and $\ell_1$ priors, where we conduct a range of challenging Bayesian analyses related to uncertainty quantification, hypothesis testing, and model selection in the absence of ground truth.

We propose an accelerated gradient-free method with a non-Euclidean proximal operator associated with the *p*-norm (1 ⩽ *p* ⩽ 2). We obtain estimates for the rate of convergence of the method under low noise arising in the calculation of the function value. We present the results of computational experiments.

We consider convex optimization problems with the objective function having Lipshitz-continuous p-th order derivative, where p ≥ 1. We propose a new tensor method, which closes the gap between the lower O ε − 2 3p+1 and upper O ε − 1 p+1 iteration complexity bounds for this class of optimization problems. We also consider uniformly convex functions, and show how the proposed method can be accelerated under this additional assumption. Moreover, we introduce a p-th order condition number which naturally arises in the complexity analysis of tensor methods under this assumption. Finally, we make a numerical study of the proposed optimal method and show that in practice it is faster than the best known accelerated tensor method. We also compare the performance of tensor methods for p = 2 and p = 3 and show that the 3rd-order method is superior to the 2nd-order method in practice. Keywords: Convex optimization, unconstrained minimization, tensor methods, worst-case complexity, global complexity bounds, condition number.

We study the complexity of approximating the Wasserstein barycenter of m discrete measures, or histograms of size n, by contrasting two alternative approaches that use entropic regularization. The first approach is based on the Iterative Bregman Projections (IBP) algorithm for which our novel analysis gives a complexity bound proportional to $m n^2 / \epsilon^2$ to approximate the original non-regularized barycenter. On the other hand, using an approach based on accelerated gradient descent, we obtain a complexity proportional to $m n^2 / \epsilon$. As a byproduct, we show that the regularization parameter in both approaches has to be proportional to $\epsilon$, which causes instability of both algorithms when the desired accuracy is high. To overcome this issue, we propose a novel proximal-IBP algorithm, which can be seen as a proximal gradient method, which uses IBP on each iteration to make a proximal step. We also consider the question of scalability of these algorithms using approaches from distributed optimization and show that the first algorithm can be implemented in a centralized distributed setting (master/slave), while the second one is amenable to a more general decentralized distributed setting with an arbitrary network topology.

We consider certain spaces of functions on the circle, which naturally appear in harmonic analysis, and superposition operators on these spaces. We study the following question: which functions have the property that each their superposition with a homeomorphism of the circle belongs to a given space? We also study the multidimensional case.

We consider the spaces of functions on the m-dimensional torus, whose Fourier transform is p -summable. We obtain estimates for the norms of the exponential functions deformed by a C1 -smooth phase. The results generalize to the multidimensional case the one-dimensional results obtained by the author earlier in “Quantitative estimates in the Beurling—Helson theorem”, Sbornik: Mathematics, 201:12 (2010), 1811 – 1836.

We consider the spaces of function on the circle whose Fourier transform is p-summable. We obtain estimates for the norms of exponential functions deformed by a C1 -smooth phase.

This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.