Отношение потребителей к продуктам, обогащенным витаминами и минералами
In Russia, many citizens have a deficiency of vitamins and minerals due to their deficiency in the diet. This deficit can be made up by eating fortified foods. This study is devoted to the study of the attitude of Russian consumers to products enriched with vitamins and minerals. The theoretical study of the article is devoted to the identification, justification and grouping of factors that affect the choice of foods enriched with added vitamins and minerals. The article presents the results of a study of consumers’ attitude to salt enriched with iodine as the most important product in the Ural region, for which the problem of iodine deficiency is traditionally acute. According to the study, young people, women, consumers with higher incomes, people who already use iodine-containing vitamins and increased amounts of seafood, people who have a doctor’s prescription for the consumption of these products, as well as those who have formed an understanding of the increased usefulness of this product are willing to pay more for an enriched product.
The role of patriotism conception in the functioning of the Russian food-sector is analyzed in this article for example in grain, meat and juice markets. The subject of the study is measures by which the government carries out a policy of import substitution and increase the export potential of agribusiness. Based on data from expert interviews and official statistics, the author develops the idea that the field of interpretive possibilities, relying on that food producers are trying to enlist the help of the government as a resource for business development, is hiding behind the notion of patriotism.
Projects and reforms targeting infrastructure services can affect consumer welfare through changes in the price, coverage, or quality of the services provided. The benefits of improved service quality—while significant—are often overlooked because they are difficult to quantify. This article reviews methods of evaluating the welfare implications of changes in the quality of infrastructure services within the broader theoretical perspective of welfare measurement. The study outlines the theoretical assumptions and data requirements involved, illustrating each method with examples that highlight common methodological features and differences. The article also presents the theoretical underpinnings and potential applications of a new approach to analysing the effects of interruptions in the supply of infrastructure services on household welfare.
In this chapter is analised a contemporary role of the global food problem for the world economy. In this work the term ‘global food problem’ means unprecedented rise of world food price in the late XX – early XXI century, which make starve poor people in most countries.
The authors show specific features of Soviet post-war ideological campaign in the sphere of culture. Examples of Perm region help the authors to investigate the issue in details. The main sources for these studies are files of State Social-Political History Archives of Perm Region. These sources let the authors determine the Communist party organs approaches to organization of the campaign at regional level as well as specific features of public reaction of intelligentsia to directions of CPSU Central Committee which defined frames of the campaign.
Analysis of the sources let the authors confirm that, despite of the aggressive way of the campaign at regional level, officials of cultural institutes tried not only to demonstrate their satisfaction with the directions and their active participation in the directions fulfillment. At the same time, they tried to use the performing campaign for solving their corporative and even personal problems.
The article investigates Russian markets of meat, grain and juices. The description of every market contains its history, statistics, fi xation of key economic collisions, depiction of concrete measures aimed at interest realization of domestic producers within the import-export continuum. It becomes possible to reveal which interests are realized through the support of a domestic producer guided by ideas of patriotism.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.