The global order as a system of certain ideas and regularities predominant in the world politics had started to emerge in Europe in the sixteenth century and was finally established in the nineteenth century. However, an established world order usually endures for three-four decades and then it changes under the influence of the changing circumstances and new balance of power. At present we have just entered the epoch of the changing world order and the formation of its new system. The present article analyzes the started weakening of the world order based on the American hegemony as well as the characteristic features and methods employed by the USA to support their position in the world. The author shows why the absolute American hegemony could hardly remain for a long time and also the way in which globalization has become more profitable for the developing and not for the developed countries; and also how the idea has been gradually formed of an inevitable weakening of the US positions. The article defines the current situation in the international relations as a started reconfiguration of the World System which marks the beginning of the epoch of turbulent events and formation of new coalitions. This will be a kind of a transition period to a more stable new world order which will be established with difficulties. The author gives some ideas about the possible directions and ways this new order will be established, what will be the principles of that order and possible mechanisms of its maintaining.
In this paper, based on the solid collection of the archive materials, a part of which has not been introduced before, the author considers the role which the Russian imperial consulates played in the political life of Outer Mongolia and its disputes with China and also in the maintenance of Russia’s good neighborhood with these countries during 1900-1910-s.
The First World War became a watershed in the European and world history. 100 years after the outbreak of the Great War historians continue to debate a role of this milestone event in the development of European civilization. The authors of the monograph try to make their own contribution to this discussion.
Designated for historians and for all those interested in the history of early twentieth-century Europe and Russia.
The present article considers the process of the formation, development and weakening of the world order based on the American hegemony. The ori-gins of the current world order are analyzed. The article presents the analysis of the characteristic features and methods applied by the USA to maintain their position in the world. The author shows how globalization has become more favorable for developing countries than for the developed ones. The gradually forming conviction in the inevitable weakening of the US leadership positions is also analyzed. The article describes the characteristics of the current situation in international relations as a situation of a started reconfiguration of the World-System. The latter should mean the coming of the epoch of turbulence and formation of new coalitions. There will take place a transition to a more sustainable world order which will be a difficult task. The second article will consider the direction and ways of the formation of this new world order, the possible principles and mechanisms of its establishment.
The article examines the main aspects of the existence of confidence and mutual suspicion in the modern system of international relations. To study this phenomenon the authors resort to a review of the opposite variants of its manifestations — in conflict and full consent. The paper also attempts to link the phenomenon of confidence to the plurality of interests in the modern development of diplomatic relations, as well to its psychological foundations.