Measurement of time-dependent CP violation in B0 → KS0 π0π0 decays
We report a measurement of time-dependent CP violation in B0→KS0π0π0 decays using a data sample of 772×106 BB pairs collected by the Belle experiment running at the ?(4S) resonance at the KEKB e+e- collider. This decay proceeds mainly via a b→sdd "penguin" amplitude. The results are sin2φ1eff=0.92-0.31+0.27 (stat.) ±0.11 (syst.) and A=0.28±0.21 (stat.) ±0.04 (syst.), which are the most precise measurements of CP violation in this decay mode to date. The value for the CP-violating parameter sin2φ1eff is consistent with that obtained using decay modes proceeding via a b→ccs "tree" amplitude.
A search for the lepton-flavour violating decay D0 → e ±µ ∓ is made with a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb−1 of proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 7 TeV and 8 TeV, collected by the LHCb experiment. Candidate D0 mesons are selected using the decay D∗+ → D0π + and the D0 → e ±µ ∓ branching fraction is measured using the decay mode D0 → K−π + as a normalisation channel. No significant excess of D0 → e ±µ ∓ candidates over the expected background is seen, and a limit is set on the branching fraction, B(D0 → e ±µ ∓) < 1.3×10−8 , at 90% confidence level. This is an order of magnitude lower than the previous limit and it further constrains the parameter space in some leptoquark models and in supersymmetric models with R-parity violation.
One of the most challenging data analysis tasks of modern High Energy Physics experiments is the identification of particles. In this proceedings we review the new approaches used for particle identification at the LHCb experiment. Machine-Learning based techniques are used to identify the species of charged and neutral particles using several observables obtained by the LHCb sub-detectors. We show the performances of various solutions based on Neural Network and Boosted Decision Tree models.
The cross-sections of 𝜓(2𝑆) meson production in proton-proton collisions at 𝑠√=13 TeV are measured with a data sample collected by the LHCb detector corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 275 pb−1. The production cross-sections for prompt 𝜓(2𝑆) mesons and those for 𝜓(2𝑆) mesons from b-hadron decays (𝜓(2𝑆)-from- 𝑏) are determined as functions of the transverse momentum, 𝑝T, and the rapidity, y, of the 𝜓(2𝑆) meson in the kinematic range 2<𝑝T<20 GeV/𝑐 and 2.0<𝑦<4.5
. The production cross-sections integrated over this kinematic region are
𝜎( prompt 𝜓(2𝑆),13 TeV)=1.430±0.005 (stat)±0.099 (syst)μb,𝜎(𝜓(2𝑆)-from- 𝑏,13 TeV)=0.426±0.002 (stat)±0.030 (syst)μb.
A new measurement of 𝜓(2𝑆)
production cross-sections in pp collisions at 𝑠√=7 TeV is also performed using data collected in 2011, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 614 pb−1. The integrated production cross-sections in the kinematic range 3.5<𝑝T<14 GeV/𝑐 and 2.0<𝑦<4.5
𝜎( prompt 𝜓(2𝑆),7 TeV)=0.471±0.001 (stat)±0.025 (syst)μb,𝜎(𝜓(2𝑆)-from- 𝑏,7 TeV)=0.126±0.001 (stat)±0.008 (syst)μb.
All results show reasonable agreement with theoretical calculations.
During LHC Run 1, the LHCb experiment recorded around 1011 collision events. This paper describes Event Index — an event search system. Its primary function is to quickly select subsets of events from a combination of conditions, such as the estimated decay channel or number of hits in a subdetector. Event Index is essentially Apache Lucene  optimized for read-only indexes distributed over independent shards on independent nodes.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.