Шаблоны проектирования программного обеспечения киберфизических систем зданий
The paper considers applied scientific aspects of algorithmic and software design of cyber-physical building system (cyber-physical system, CPS). The building's CPS is a basic element of the Smart City IT architecture and represents a set of life support system control devices, communication and computing facilities integrated into the building, which are necessary and sufficient for the implementation of user services. In a building's cyberphysical system, all equipment and subsystems are integrated into a single ecosystem to improve comfort and safety, as well as to reduce operating costs and save resources. The paper investigates the requirements for the building's CPS software. Presented are groups of design patterns, which, in practice, does not only significantly reduce the time to program and configure the CPS elements of the building, but also increases the interoperability of developed information applications. Consideration is given to the algorithms of CPS software under the conditions of the Internet of Things (IoT) application. Using the proposed templates, software developers will be able to quickly form new services, quickly integrate and maintain them. The patterns presented in the study are most effective in the implementation of services to control indoor and outdoor lighting, power loads and electrical appliances, as well as systems such as heating, air conditioning, ventilation, security alarm, access control, water leakage control, audio and video equipment. CPS software architecture design templates can be in demand for manufacturers of systems and services of management of private or apartment houses, developers of software systems of automation of commercial real estate objects and state organizations, developers and administrators of software of industrial constructions, objects of agroindustrial complex. The research is carried out within the framework of the priority science development direction of the Perm branch of the National Research University Higher School of Economics "Research of control methods in cyber-physical systems".