Цифровые технологии снабжения в контексте современных исследований
The problem of management is formalized for the first time by purchases as a problem of a choice of the best decision at many criteria. Thus some of private criteria allow to consider demanded risk factors. Possibilities of the decision of problems of this kind on the basis of a method of a tree of decisions are illustrated.
One of the main goal of any industrial company is making profit by producing high quality and competitive products. Mostly, the production of meat industry enterprises are not a complete cycle, companies are divided into farms which are specialized in cultivation of livestock and poultry, slaughters and meet processing plants. The latters are the final link in the chain of supply of animal origin raw materials. For these companies it is important to establish a procurement process so that to have a sufficient number of fresh high-quality resources for production and to minimize losses releated with forced sales, often with a discount, the damage of excessive amount of purchased raw materials and also avoid unnecessary costs associated with their storage. This problem will be discussed in this article.
This two volume set (CCIS 858 and CCIS 859) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Digital Transformation and Global Society, DTGS 2018, held in St. Petersburg, Russia, in May/June 2018.
The 75 revised full papers and the one short paper presented in the two volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from 222 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on e-polity: smart governance and e-participation, politics and activism in the cyberspace, law and regulation; e-city: smart cities and urban planning; e-economy: IT and new markets; e-society: social informatics, digital divides; e-communication: discussions and perceptions on the social media; e-humanities: arts and culture; International Workshop on Internet Psychology; International Workshop on Computational Linguistics.
«The Future of the Eurasian Economic Union: Economic Digitalization and the Youth» is the topic of the Annual Report 2019 of the Integration Club under the Speaker of the Russian Federation Council. Over the 5 years since the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union was signed on May 29, 2014, the EEU has proved its efficiency for the member states and also has earned an important position among world’s regional integration groupings. In particular, this can be seen by the surge of the third countries interest in cooperation with the EEU. To maintain such a positive dynamics it is needed today to define the future development direction of the Eurasian integration. For that purpose greater attention should be given to the work in the sphere of the digitalization of the EEU economy and implementation by the member states the youth policy which could respond to present day challenges. In this context, the aim of politicians, scientists and experts is to find the appropriate solutions to provide connection between these two large processes. The opinions and estimates by the Integration Club members on that topic as well as the club events papers and the articles provided by the leading universities, think tanks and state authorities are presented in the report. The report would be helpful for those interested in the Eurasian integration and its prospect in today’s world.
In this article we describe a system allowing companies to organize an efficient inventory management with 40 suppliers of different products. The system consists of four modules, each of which can be improved: demand planning, inventory management, procurement planning and KPI reporting. Described system was implemented in a real company, specializing on perishable products totaling over 600 SKUs. The system helped the company to increase its turnover by 7% while keeping the same level of services.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.