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Regular version of the site

Article

ColocML: machine learning quantifies co-localization between mass spectrometry images

Bioinformatics. 2020. P. 1-10.
Ovchinnikova K., Lachlan S., Rakhlin A., Nikolenko S. I., Alexandrov T.

Motivation

Imaging mass spectrometry (imaging MS) is a prominent technique for capturing distributions of molecules in tissue sections. Various computational methods for imaging MS rely on quantifying spatial correlations between ion images, referred to as co-localization. However, no comprehensive evaluation of co-localization measures has ever been performed; this leads to arbitrary choices and hinders method development.

Results

We present ColocML, a machine learning approach addressing this gap. With the help of 42 imaging MS experts from nine laboratories, we created a gold standard of 2210 pairs of ion images ranked by their co-localization. We evaluated existing co-localization measures and developed novel measures using term frequency–inverse document frequency and deep neural networks. The semi-supervised deep learning Pi model and the cosine score applied after median thresholding performed the best (Spearman 0.797 and 0.794 with expert rankings, respectively). We illustrate these measures by inferring co-localization properties of 10 273 molecules from 3685 public METASPACE datasets.