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Article

Место социального статуса и роли в механизме индивидуального преступного поведения

Lex Russica (Русский закон). 2020. Т. 73. № 2 (159). С. 92-105.
Караваева Ю. С.

the elements of some crimes assume that the subject has special features specified in the disposition of the article of the Special part of the criminal law. The analysis of these features allows us to refer them to the status-role characteristics of the individual, which makes it possible to use the sociological theory of social statuses and roles for the purpose of criminological study of the mechanism of intentional criminal behavior and the place of these characteristics in it. Given the prevailing ideas about the elements of the mechanism of criminal behavior substantiates the impact of social status and the role of the individual in her moral formation, the origin and development of criminal motivation, the value for specific situations and the process of committing a crime. However, the author refrains from conclusions about the causal relationship between the status-role position of the person and Commission of the crime, and on the basis of sociological research finds that the social status and role determine, on the one hand, the content and nature of the interactions of the individual with society, and with another – influence of personal characteristics of the individual, his needs, values, correcting them. In other words, in relation to the mechanism of intentional criminal behavior, social status and role are of dual importance, since they are both internal conditions and external factors of its Commission. So, as internal conditions, they cause the appearance of personality features that are reflected in the features of social perception, motivation and goal-setting. And acting as external factors, social status and role characterize a specific life situation in which a crime is committed and which, being recognized as guilty, also affects the processes of motivation and goal-setting.