Collective effects and liquid–glass transition in supercooled melts of binary alloys
A possibility of a transition into a glassy state of binary alloys based on aluminum, nickel, and copper after ultrafast cooling has been investigated using the method of molecular dynamics. It was demonstrated that some 4-point correlators changed their behavior and depended on the parameters of the metastable alloy state. By analyzing the complex dynamics of particle motion in overcooled liquids some certain conditions for the formation of the glass for aluminum–nickel melt was founded.
We investigate the effect of a single heat treatment cycle on the potential energy states and mechanical properties of metallic glasses using molecular dynamics simulations. We consider the three-dimensional binary mixture, which was initially cooled with a computationally slow rate from the liquid state to the solid phase at a temperature well below the glass transition. It was found that a cycle of heating and cooling can relocate the glass to either rejuvenated or relaxed states, depending on the maximum temperature and the loading period. Thus, the lowest potential energy is attained after a cycle with the maximum temperature slightly below the glass transition temperature and the effective cooling rate slower than the initial annealing rate. In contrast, the degree of rejuvenation increases when the maximum temperature becomes greater than the glass transition temperature and the loading period is sufficiently small. It was further shown that the variation of the potential energy is inversely related to the dependence of the elastic modulus and the yield stress as functions of the maximum loading temperature. In addition, the heat treatment process causes subtle changes in the shape of the radial distribution function of small atoms. These results are important for optimization of thermal and mechanical processing of metallic glasses with predetermined properties.
Molecular dynamics study of stress correlations and shear viscosity behavior of the rapidly cooled and re-heated liquid aluminum film is performed. The embedded atom method potential is used at the simulations. The stress correlation behavior is studied in the plane of the film and along the direction normal to the plane. The behavior of the kinematic viscosity and the stress correlationsare compared for cooling and heating process. Using two methods it is shown that the glass transition temperature for the cooling process is higher than for the heating.
We discuss correlators for models of minimal gravity and propose an algorithm for calculating invariant relations from formulas for residues that can be compared with the expansion coefficients for the partition function in the Liouville theory. For (2, 2K-1) models, we explicitly obtain a factor corresponding to conversion from the semiclassical hierarchy basis to the Liouville theory basis and also test a hypothesis about the pattern of the spectral curve using a direct calculation
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.