Идеи национализма и югославизма в политическом дискурсе Сербии
The article identifies the main direction of the national construction strategy in the former centre of the SFRY – Serbia. The authors show the dynamics of national construction, as well as various political positions on this issue. The emergence of new states after the Yugoslavian collapse actualised the contradictions in the national community interpretations. On the one hand, the ideas of Yugoslavism inherited by Serbs imply the formation of a supranational Yugoslav identity; while on the other hand, since the end of the 20th century the gradually enhancing anti-European rhetoric has been contrivuting much to the nationalist discourse. The paper inctroduces a series of structural and historical factors determining the popularity of nationalist ideas: problems with border delimitation, disagreements over state-forming issues, imperial and communist institutional heritage, tragic events associated with the collapse of Yugoslavia, etc. The authors analyse the phenomenon of Yugostalgia, reveal its causes and conclude that nationalist ideas in Serbia partly serve as a tool for consolidating the nation, while the course towards integration with the European Union has smoothed out, but not excluded the nationalist rhetoric of public politicians. In turn, the unpopularity of alternative ideas of Yugostalgia and Yugoslavism in politics are caused by the people’s disbelief in the possible restoration of the Yugoslav Republic, rejection of communist ideas, and interethnic contradictions that have intensified after the collapse of Socialist Yugoslavia.