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Article

Literacy and Education among the Nobility in Post-Petrine Russia

Educational reforms and introduction of compulsory schooling for nobility are rightly counted among the most import important changes introduced by Peter I in Russia. This article employs a large sample of records from the Heraldry, a government agency in charge of registering nobles for their mandatory service, to assess the spread of literacy among the first post-Petrine generation of the Russian elite and to explore the factors that affected one’ likelihood of being literate. The data suggests that literacy indeed has become the norm among the nobles, and illiteracy, even though not uncommon, came to predominantly be associated with relative social marginality.