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  • Технологическое разнообразие и самообеспеченность производства передовыми производственными технологиями в российских регионах

Article

Технологическое разнообразие и самообеспеченность производства передовыми производственными технологиями в российских регионах

Экономика региона. 2020. Т. 16. № 4. С. 1224-1238.
Власова В. В., Фурсов К. С., Бриллиантова В. В.

Development of technology base used for production processes and its systematic renewal are among the key factors for strengthening the competitiveness of companies and one of the conditions for sustainable economic growth. However, the spread of solutions used for advanced manufacturing in the Russian regions is uneven. This is due to both the industry-specific nature of enterprises concentrated in the territories and significant differentiation of their socio-economic status. The paper considers the diversity patterns of use of advanced manufacturing technologies (AMT) in the groups of regions, classified depending on the key parameters of their economic development, i.e. the structure of production and employment as well as the size of per capita GRP with correction for the price factor. The paper focuses on the identification of the relationship between the socio-economic conditions of regional development and technological portfolios of local enterprises with the use of indices of technological diversity and self-sufficiency. The research was carried out using statistical data on the development and use of AMT by enterprises in 2011–2018. The analysis showed that independent technology development is not a priority strategy in most of the Russian regions. Moreover, all types of regions (except for some agrarian ones) demonstrate the priority of technology imports. The suggested approach considers the factors of strategic development of the regions and the degree of diversification of their technological portfolios with regards to the industry specifics. Future studies can include empirical verification of the obtained results with the use of classifications based on other principles than the proximity of socio-economic conditions of regions.