Application of the Belief Function Theory to the Development of Trading Strategies
The possibility of using the belief function theory for developing of trading strategies is considered in this paper. An analysis of this approach is given on the data of the Russian stock market. The belief and plausibility functions (and their corresponding bodies of evidence) to the system’s recommendations (buy, sell or hold) are calculated using fuzzy inference methods for technical indicators. Further, these bodies of evidence are aggregated using the combining rules (Dempster’s rule, Yager’s rule and others). The discount coefficients of the bodies of evidence are calculated at the stage of the learning under the condition of maximizing the profitability of the trading strategy. The intervals for the buying or selling of assets are determined on the results of such combination. The decision about the corresponding action is taken after comparing these intervals. The study showed that the proposed approach provides an interesting result.
The conflict measure and index of decreasing of igno-rance in frame of Dempster-Shafer theory are intro-duced. Those functionals are analyzed on the bodies of evidences of special type. It is shown that the great correlation between the bodies of evidence is a sufficient condition of decreasing of ignorance after the applying of combining rule. The relationships between the measure of conflict and the index of decreasing of ignorance in the case of different types of evidences and the application of different combining rules were investigated.
The conflict measures induced by the conjunctive and disjunctive combining rules are studied in this paper in the framework of evidence theory. The coherence of conflict measures with combining rules is introduced and studied. In addition, the structure of conjunctive and disjunctive conflict measures is studied in the paper. In particular, it is shown that the metric and entropy components can be distinguished in such measures. Moreover, these components are changed differently after combining of the bodies of evidence.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Belief Functions, BELIEF 2018, held in Compiègne, France, in September 2018.The 33 revised regular papers presented in this book were carefully selected and reviewed from 73 submissions. The papers were solicited on theoretical aspects (including for example statistical inference, mathematical foundations, continuous belief functions) as well as on applications in various areas including classification, statistics, data fusion, network analysis and intelligent vehicles.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.