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Regular version of the site

Article

Open-Type SPP Waveguide with Ultrahigh Bandwidth up to 3.5 THz

ACS Photonics. 2019. Vol. 6. P. 1425-1433.
Melentiev P., Kalmykov A., Balykin V.

Due to losses in metals, the propagation length of the surface plasmon-polariton (SPP) waves on metal surfaces is
small. This severely limits development of numerous applications of the SPP optics: in the near-infrared spectral region propagation length of SPP waves is no longer than 200 μm as for plane SPP waves and for all types of SPP waveguides. In this work, we show that the focusing of SPPs allows for the first time realizing open-type waveguide for SPP waves characterized by long distance of SPP effective propagation length up to 1 mm at a wavelength of 780 nm. We show that focused SPP waves in such a waveguide can be effectively excited by a 16 fs laser as well as be amplitude modulated within a bandwidth about 3.5 THz. The fast dynamics of the focused SPP waves is limited by the SPP group velocity dispersion. The large effective propagation length of the SPPs and its ultrahigh bandwidth open up new possibilities for using focused SPPs in different areas of plasmonics and photonics.