Open-Type SPP Waveguide with Ultrahigh Bandwidth up to 3.5 THz
Due to losses in metals, the propagation length of the surface plasmon-polariton (SPP) waves on metal surfaces is
small. This severely limits development of numerous applications of the SPP optics: in the near-infrared spectral region propagation length of SPP waves is no longer than 200 μm as for plane SPP waves and for all types of SPP waveguides. In this work, we show that the focusing of SPPs allows for the first time realizing open-type waveguide for SPP waves characterized by long distance of SPP effective propagation length up to 1 mm at a wavelength of 780 nm. We show that focused SPP waves in such a waveguide can be effectively excited by a 16 fs laser as well as be amplitude modulated within a bandwidth about 3.5 THz. The fast dynamics of the focused SPP waves is limited by the SPP group velocity dispersion. The large effective propagation length of the SPPs and its ultrahigh bandwidth open up new possibilities for using focused SPPs in different areas of plasmonics and photonics.
GaAs-based microdisk lasers with an active region representing a dense array of indium-rich islands (InGaAs quantum well-dots) were studied using direct small-signal modulation. We demonstrate that using dense arrays of InGaAs quantum well-dots enables uncooled high-frequency applications with a GHz-range bandwidth for microdisk lasers. A maximum 3 dB modulation frequency of 5.9 GHz was found in the microdisk with a radius of 13.5 μm operating without a heatsink for cooling. A modulation current efficiency factor of 1.5 GHz∕mA1∕2 was estimated.
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The energy-to-data ratio (EDR) was evaluated for quantum-dot based microdisk laser directly modulated without external cooling. The experimental values of EDR decrease with decreasing diameter of the microdisk and reach 1.5 pJ/bit for the smallest diameter under study (10.5 μm). In larger microdisks (with a diameter greater than 20 μm), the EDR varies in proportion to the square of the diameter. If this relationship were true for smaller microdisks as well, an EDR value of about 100 fJ would be achieved with a diameter of 4 μm. The observed deviation of EDR from the quadratic dependence on the diameter is associated with an increase in the threshold current density in smaller devices, which in turn may be caused by the contribution of nonradiative recombination on the microresonator sidewalls formed by deep etching.
Microdisk lasers having a III–V core coated with a TiO2 shell are experimentally studied under optical pumping. Initial core microdisk lasers with a 5–10 μm diameter comprising five layers of InAs∕In0.15Ga0.85As quantum dots demonstrate room temperature lasing with excellent characteristics (threshold, quality factor) at the ground state optical transition in the 1.28–1.30 μm spectral range. Deposition of the TiO2 dielectric shell results in a decimation of the whispering gallery modes of the microdisk resonator and, for thicker (>100 nm) shells, in a blueshift of the lasing wavelength. Using numerical analysis, we demonstrate that coating a III–V core microdisk with a high-index shell causes strong penetration of the second and third radial modes into the shell, whereas the first radial mode remains nearly undisturbed. Though optical loss added by the TiO2 dielectric shell is low (it does not exceed 2 cm−1 even for a 250-nm-thick TiO2 layer), mode leakage to the TiO2 results in a decrease in the optical confinement factor and an increase in the threshold pump power. This effect is more pronounced in microlasers of the smallest diameter studied (5 μm). Thus, in addition to other applications, a TiO2 shell can be used for mode selection in microdisk lasers or for selective outcoupling of the emission to the waveguide structure, which requires proper adjustment of the TiO2 shell thickness and microdisk diameter.
This volume contains the papers presented at the session "Data Science" within the V International Conference on Information Technology and Nanotechnology (ITNT-2019). The conference was held in Samara, Russia, during May 21-24, 2019 (itnt-conf.org). The conference is a forum for leading researchers from all over the world aimed to discuss the latest advances in the basic and applied research in the field of Information Technology and Nanotechnology. It is also aimed to attract young people to advanced scientific research and share the latest trends in training and research programs for future ITNT specialists . In addition to the session "Data Science", ITNT-2019 also included three other sessions: "Computer Optics and Nanophotonics", "Image Processing and Earth Remote Sensing" and "Mathematical Modeling of Physico-Technical Processes and Systems". The whole forum brought together more than 450 scientists from United Kindom, Japan, Switzerland, Iran, Poland, Bulgaria, Finland, China, Kazakhstan and Russia, as well as representatives of global high-tech corporations, developers of modern electronics – Huawei, Nvidia, Intel, and Azimuth Photonics, and more than 60 cities in the world. 436 talks enabled discussion on a wide range of topics. The topics of the session "Data Science" were grouped into the following key directions: Data Mining (Big data, Systems and platforms, Methods); Machine Learning (Neural networks, Statistical methods, Feature-based classification, Applications); Security, Cryptography (Cryptosystems design and analysis, Mathematical and algorithmic aspects, Efficient implementations of algorithms, Network security); High Performance Computing (Parallel programming models and languages, Highperformance implementations, Complex systems simulation).
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.