Критика Эрнесто Гевары советских методов социалистического строительства и ее возможное применение к современной Кубе
The article covers the fundamental aspects of Ernesto Che Guevara’s,
Cuban revolutionary of Argentinean origins, criticism of the Soviet methods of socialist
construction. The paper analyzes Guevara’s vision of the New Economic Policy, the
role of kolkhozes and the methodological issues related to functioning of the law of
value and categories of capitalism in the process of socialist transition. We also study
the criticism of the soviet manual of political economy edited in 1954. The author
supposes that from the methodological angle Guevara’s perception of “The Capital” and
its’ practical application was close to the theoretic views developed by Nikolay V.
Khessin. The conclusion of the paper provides attitude to the ideas of Guevara in
today’s Cuba and makes several questions about the contemporary Cuban’s
understanding of socialism and also of the issue of growing social inequality.