Model simplification for supervised classification of metabolic networks
Many real applications require the representation of complex entities and their relations. Frequently, networks are the chosen data structures, due to their ability to highlight topological and qualitative characteristics. In this work, we are interested in supervised classification models for data in the form of networks. Given two or more classes whose members are networks, we build mathematical models to classify them, based on various graph distances. Due to the complexity of the models, made of tens of thousands of nodes and edges, we focus on model simplification solutions to reduce execution times, still maintaining high accuracy. Experimental results on three datasets of biological interest show the achieved performance improvements.
Networks represent a convenient model for many scientific and technological problems. From power grids to biological processes and functions, from financial networks to chemical compounds, the representation of case studies with graphs enables the possibility to highlight both topological and qualitative characteristics. In this work, we are interested in the supervised classification models for data in form of networks. Given two or more classes whose members are networks, we want to build a mathematical model to classify them. We focus on networks with labeled nodes and weighted edges. We define distances between networks and we build a classification model. We provide empirical results on datasets of biological interest providing details on graphical model selection.
This article addresses the problem of functional supervised classification of Cox process trajectories, whose random intensity is driven by some exogenous random covariable. The classification task is achieved through a regularized convex empirical risk minimization procedure, and a non asymptotic oracle inequality is derived. We show that the algorithm provides a Bayes-risk consistent classifier. Furthermore, it is proved that the classifier converges at a rate which adapts to the unknown regularity of the intensity process. Our results are obtained by taking advantage of martingale and stochastic calculus arguments, which are natural in this context and fully exploit the functional nature of the problem.
The paper is focused on the problem of multi-class classification of composite (piecewise-regular) objects (e.g., speech signals, complex images, etc.). We propose a mathematical model of composite object representation as a sequence of independent segments. Each segment is represented as a random sample of independent identically distributed feature vectors. Based on this model and statistical approach we reduce the task to a problem of composite hypothesis testing of segment homogeneity. Several nearest-neighbor criteria are implemented, for some of them the well-known special cases (e.g., the Kullback-Leibler minimum information discrimination principle, the probabilistic neural network) are highlighted. It is experimentally shown that the proposed approach improves the accuracy when compared with contemporary classifiers.
Background: Biological networks are representative of the diverse molecular interactions that occur within cells. Some of the commonly studied biological networks are modeled through protein-protein interactions, gene regulatory, and metabolic pathways. Among these, metabolic networks are probably the most studied, as they directly influence all physiological processes. Exploration of biochemical pathways using multigraph representation is important in understanding complex regulatory mechanisms. Feature extraction and clustering of these networks enable grouping of samples obtained from different biological specimens. Clustering techniques separate networks depending on their mutual similarity. Results: We present a clustering analysis on tissue-specific metabolic networks for single samples from three primary tumor sites: breast, lung, and kidney cancer. The metabolic networks were obtained by integrating genome scale metabolic models with gene expression data. We performed network simplification to reduce the computational time needed for the computation of network distances. We empirically proved that networks clustering can characterize groups of patients in multiple conditions. Conclusions: We provide a computational methodology to explore and characterize the metabolic landscape of tumors, thus providing a general methodology to integrate analytic metabolic models with gene expression data. This method represents a first attempt in clustering large scale metabolic networks. Moreover, this approach gives the possibility to get valuable information on what are the effects of different conditions on the overall metabolism.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.