Формирование этического режима в системе государственной гражданской службы как один из факторов успешной реализации антикоррупционных стандартов служебного поведения государственных гражданских служащих
The Russian and foreign experience of anti-corruption convinces that for implementation of anti-corruption standards of office behavior of the public civil servants it is necessary to strengthen influence of ethical and moral standards on observance by employees of the bans, restrictions and requirements established for anti-corruption purposes. The author is convinced that this can be done through the formation of an ethical regime in the public civil service, which is understood as a set of ethical standards, mechanisms to ensure their compliance, as well as ethical infrastructure and the use of ethical auditing. The article analyzes the main components of the ethical regime and directions of improving the ethical foundations of public service. A set of further measures to transform the ethnic component of the culture of civil servants into an integral part of their professional performance is proposed and justified.
The biggest legal challenge in applying corporate principles and guidelines is liability for breach of such provisions. Enforcement of rules set out in “private” codes is key priority for corporations. Our research has shown that the main measures encouraging recipients of corporate rules to comply are not legal sanctions but measures of social and economic nature (impact on reputation, on market access, etc.). It is noteworthy that incentive measures promoting compliance with corporate codes are more effective than sanctions based on negative impact applied to the breaching party. Empirical analysis has demonstrated that the revealed socio-economic methods proved to lead to much more serious consequences for business than traditional legal liability mechanisms. That is why corporations rely on their effectiveness in developing approaches to ensure compliance with norms developed by corporations to regulate internal and external relations.
One of the measures to combat corruption is the prevention and resolution of conflicts of interest. In this regard, an anti-corruption ban for citizens after leaving the civil service is very important, the implementation of which in practice faces a number of difficulties. The article analyzes the problems of applying the norms of anti-corruption legislation in the employment of former state civil servants. A number of amendments to the anti-corruption legislation and the state civil service are proposed and justified.
The issues of determining the subject of the code of ethics of a higher educational institution, identifying its legal characteristics, as well as the particularities of applying this regulator of relations are yet to be studied in Russia. In order to fill the gap in legal knowledge, we have made an attempt, starting with the analysis of the ethics of education in the broad sense, to generalize the Russian and foreign experience in adopting and applying codes of ethics and offer a modern vision of the essence and regulatory function of ethical codes in the practice of educational institutions. The study was conducted using general scientific and special methods of cognition: logical, functional, systemicstructural, methods of generalization, synthesis, induction, and deduction. Certain material conclusions are made based on the sociological research method. The code of ethics of a higher educational institution is a code of conduct for a good faith participant in the educational process. The code is a compromise between different types of ethics: that of a teacher and a student, of a student and an administrative employee. In this regard, the process of discussing specific practical cases and reflection in the code of effective scenarios of interaction between the parties in critical situations are of particular value. In their legal essence, codes of ethics are normative acts, but traditionally they are not regarded as legal acts, as they are adopted by bodies of professional communities and are not often supported by the power of state coercion.
Nature of the civil service determines labor relations in public authorities. However, the external environment has a significant impact on human resource management in public authorities, as well raising questions that were not previously problematized. Today in Russian public authorities more than 70% of the employees are women, but most of them face difficulties in career progression. The article deals with the specifics of gender segregation in the state civil service of modern Russia. The author aims to identify peculiarities of the status of women holding on civil service positions, as well as identify the causes of gender discrimination. An empirical study based on a series of semi-structured interviews with female civil servants revealed that both vertical gender segregation ("glass ceiling") and horizontal segregation (“glass walls”) are represented in Russian public authorities. An effort was made to identify the reasons of it. According to the research all that’s happening caused not only by normative consolidation of discriminatory measures against women on civil service, but also by "double employment" of women (ie the need to combine professional activities with unpaid domestic work) and self-discrimination of women
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/