Деятельность органов исполнительной власти субъектов РФ и подведомственных им учреждений по постинтернатному сопровождению детей-сирот и детей, оставшихся без попечения родителей
The article analyzes the activities of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and their subordinate institutions for the post-internatal escort of orphans and children left without parental care, emphasizing the need to develop organizational mechanisms for inter-agency cooperation on post-internatal escorts. In our country, there is still a large number of orphans and children left without parental care, who leave the orphanages alone with themselves and face the insurmountable difficulties of adult life. In this regard, it is necessary to ensure the integration into society of pupils of orphanages and boarding schools through the organization of interdepartmental interaction between the executive authorities and institutions, combining all their resources into a single system of post-internatal support. These circumstances explain the relevance of the research topic. The article draws the main conclusions and suggestions for improving the activities of the subjects on post-internatal support of orphans and children left without parental care.
This chapter analyses the various ways Russian print media present the deinstitutionalisation of child welfare. The authors argue that media coverage of childcare policies legitimates the ‘right’ and ‘wrong’ agents and practices. By doing so, the media construct a social problem and demarcate symbolic boundaries along several sociopolitical divides, thereby attempting to achieve control through the promotion of an ‘us vs. them’ discourse in Russian public discussions. The authors find that the search for ‘who is to blame’ begins with foreign adoptive parents, and then shifts towards domestic actors in the field of patronat and juvenile justice. It was revealed that many children are on the margins; as the metaphor of ‘last-minute’ children, raised in one article, shows, they are only adopted unexpectedly and, in many cases, not at all. Some themes are missing or very rarely mentioned in the newspapers examined in this study, including professionalisation of care that relates to children’s rights. Children are generally treated as an object than a subject of social relations, victims of circumstances, the living outcome of deficiencies of state institutional upbringing, or a result of poor decisions made by birth parents
Materials of the interregional scientific practical conference races offers modern challenges in the field of support of children-orphans and children left without parental care. The book presents the experience resistance's driving this category of children and persons from among the Belgorod, Vladimir Mirsky, Vologda, Kaluga, Kostroma, Ryazan, Sakhalin, Smolen tion, Tomsk, Tula, Ulyanovsk, Yaroslavl regions and the city Moscow. The authors of the articles analyze the different aspects of the organization of prevention is key, and the overcoming of social orphanhood: implementation of the system approach, the main directions of activities, assessment of the efficacy of measures, the development of legislation and other issues of returns foster children from foster families, institutions for children-orphans and children left without parental care, in support of the pupils. Special attention is paid postinternational support graduates. The edition is addressed to top managers and specialists of the bodies and institutions involved in the process of support of orphans, authorized on the rights of the child in subjects of the Russian Federation, scientists, experts and practitioners in the field of social orphanhood and other stakeholders.
The participation of the Moscow theatres at the work of the front and artisctical teams within the Great Patriotic War as at the front as well as in the rear: the types of the teams and the forms of their work are described in hospitals and agitation points.
The article deals with the theme of the semantic and functional continuity of the current solidarity practices and the Soviet-era experience (corporate volunteering and Soviet patronage as a particular case). The work aims to identify sociological parameters for comparing these practices. The article provides an analysis of the functions, attributed meanings and motivation of participants in these two types of social activity. The empirical basis for studying patronage includes published memoirs, ideological and historical texts, and interviews with former participants in patronage activities. The aspects of corporate volunteering that were necessary for comparison with patronage were studied on the materials of an investigation carried out under the guidance of Ivan Klimov. The results of the analysis suggest that some characteristics of patronage and corporate volunteering are very similar (in point of voluntary and free labour), whereas some other characteristics are substantially diff erent. Our attempt to compare patronage and corporate volunteering makes it possible to draw two groups of conclusions. The fi rst group concerns practical problems of the functioning of public institutions in contemporary Russia. In our opinion, the hot topic here is the problematization of socio-cultural and socio-institutional mechanisms of social interactions “in the vertical direction”: between more or less resource-based social groups and individuals. The second groups comprises methodological conclusions regarding the themes and aspects of the analysis of the contemporary forms of solidarity that are outside the scope of interest of contemporary researchers studying not only volunteering, but also other forms of social life which have replaced those that existed in the past. Prospects for advancing the theme are seen in the development of topics related to the analysis of the mechanisms of patronage and volunteer activities and the peculiarities of interaction between social subjects in the framework of the former and existing practices. In the context of comparative analysis we deem it promising to search for answers to questions about the peculiarities of individual and collective participation in volunteer activities; about event and participation volunteering; about justification of volunteer activities; about the ethical basis of volunteering. This work implies the need for expanding the research base and raising new methodological and methodical issues.
This article overviews various approaches to the work with children placed out of parental care in the countries of Northern, Western and Southern Europe. Authors study carefully three main issues. Firstly, we review mechanisms of dealing with biological families in crisis situations. Secondly, we consider order of placing children out of biological families into foster care. Finally, we examine practices of reuniting families if they are supported. Cross-country comparisons show that no universal solutions can be found in this sphere. Within every region a conceptually unified system of work with children and families has different priorities on each level. Nevertheless some foster care practices of the developed countries can be adopted in Russian framework
Most studies of intergovernmental financial flows in the Russian Federation focus on the federal center’s decision-making in determining the direction of these flows. Anecdotal evidence, however, suggests that regional governments employ a variety of tools and strategies to compete over federal transfers. This study uses data on federal transfers during 2002–2012 to examine the factors associated with the politically sensitive share of such transfers occurring in this period. The key findings highlight the importance of administrative capacity and the value of attracting attention from, as well as cultivating relations with, federal officials for shaping decision-making on the distribution of federal transfers. We discuss some specific strategies used by more successful regional governments in attracting additional federal funds.
The article seeks to depart the traditional interpretation of administrative discretion as choice (freedom of choice) between one of the given options for the law enforcement (individual) act. Administrative discretion is seen as a complex legal phenomenon, used not only in law enforcement, but also in rule-making. Its definition is provided as a certain "reflection" of the initial state of regulated managment relations, an understanding of the current situation (requiring managerial resolution), and consideraton of the current sate of affairs at the time of the decision-making and, furthermore, as the assumptions and anticiation of he impact the decision made on the development of regulations related by the managements act.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/