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Regular version of the site

Article

Place-Based Policies, Firm Productivity and Displacement Effects: Evidence from Shenzhen, China

Journal of Regional Science. 2019. Vol. 59. No. 2. P. 187-213.
Koster H., van Oort F. G., Gerritse M., Cheng F. F.

Developing and transitional countries devote considerable funds to selected areas to stimulate local growth and firm productivity. We examine the impact of place‐based interventions due to the opening of science parks in Shenzhen, China, on firm productivity and factor use. Our identification strategy, exploiting spatial and temporal differencing in firm‐level data, addresses the issues that (a) the selection of science park locations is not random and (b) high‐productivity firms sort themselves into science parks. Firm productivity is approximately 15–25% higher due to the science park policy. The policy also increases local wages and leads to distortions due to job displacement.