От «la preciosa» к «la pretieuse» (1613–1659): На пути к «Смешным жеманницам» Мольера
The article deals with development of ideas about “précieuses” in French literature and culture of 1610–1650s The word combination “precious woman” as symbol of moral and corporal purity begins to be used in France accord a thank to popular exemplary novel of M. Cervantes “The little Gipsy Girl”. In spite of the fact that in the 1630–1640s this word is actively popularized in the Parisian salons, in the Salons poetry and prose. From the middle of the 1650s the increase of negative attitude to this social phenomenon realized in Molière’s play “Les Précieuses ridicules” (1659) is noticeable.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.