ОСОБЕННОСТИ РЕГУЛИРОВАНИЯ ПРАВООТНОШЕНИЙ В СФЕРЕ ЦИФРОВЫХ ФИНАНСОВЫХ АКТИВОВ В РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ
he article reveals a number of aspects of digital fiancial assets in the form of cryptocurrencies as a subject of legal regulation taking into account the mechanism of cryptocurrency formation and peculiarities of its use in economic activity. The analysis of approaches of public authorities of the Russian Federation to cryptocurrency as a means of payment. An analogy between cryptocurrency and “classical” money is presented, taking into account the specifi properties of cryptocurrency as a specifiinformation technology aimed at solving a practical mathematical problem. The analysis of a number of Russian bills aimed at the legal regulation of digital rights and digital fiancial assets, which will legalize the use of cryptocurrencies in our country.
The accurate geo-localization of mobile devices based upon received signal strength (RSS) in an urban area is hindered by obstacles in the signal propagation path. Current localization methods have their own advantages and drawbacks. Triangular lateration (TL) is fast and scalable but employs a monotone RSS-to-distance transformation that unfortunately assumes mobile devices are on the line of sight. Radio frequency fingerprinting (RFP) methods employ a reference database, which ensures accurate localization but unfortunately hinders scalability.
Here, we propose a new, simple, and robust method called lookup lateration (LL), which incorporates the advantages of TL and RFP without their drawbacks. Like RFP, LL employs a dataset of reference locations but stores them in separate lookup tables with respect to RSS and antenna towers. A query observation is localized by identifying common locations in only associating lookup tables. Due to this decentralization, LL is two orders of magnitude faster than RFP, making it particularly scalable for large cities. Moreover, we show that analytically and experimentally, LL achieves higher localization accuracy than RFP as well. For instance, using grid size 20 m, LL achieves 9.11 m and 55.66 m, while RFP achieves 72.50 m and 242.19 m localization errors at 67\% and 95\%, respectively, on the Urban Hannover Scenario dataset.
Since 2013, Initial Coin Offerings (ICO) have allowed companies to attract financing with the help of cryptocurrencies. Statistics of ICO shows that the ICO market is increasing and demand for funds continues to grow with claims of over $ 15 billion raised in the first half of 2018. The increasing volumes of investment in ICO projects as an alternative method to venture capital or IPO are caused by, for example, the possibility of reselling the received tokens at a higher price after the launch of the project or obtaining the company’s services at lower prices. While the importance of the topic is growing, there is the absence of fundamental works emphasizing the determinants of an ICO’s success. The scientific novelty of the forthcoming research consists in the formation of the model evaluation of ICO success. Using econometric analysis based on data for 1392 projects, we show that the volatility of the main cryptocurrencies has a significant impact on the success of ICO. The constraints of the platform for Smart Contacts (ERC‑20) and dependence on the Ethereum volatility overcome all other factors. Our data contributes to existing literature and shows the insignificance of the sector of the project, almost all location region and fluctuation of influence of quality of the team. This result may be explained by the uncertainty of the investor about the project (weak signals), absence of the regulation and legal framework. This result is beneficial for owners of companies since it is an argument for decreasing costs for marketing.
A number of processes automated by various information technologies in law are growing dramatically. The article deals with the elaboration of the information system, which automates share purchase and sale of the close corporation using Blockchain 2.0. The study gives the analysis of Blockchain application in various spheres. Requirements to the information system are formalized. The system is designed with UML. The system was implemented in ASP.Net. The smart contract in Ethereum is used for negotiation data storage. In the final part of the research the limitations of the system are analyzed within the framework of the RF current law.
This paper reviews successful cyberattacks on the Blockchain industry. The first successful attack was conducted in 2011. Since then the attention and number of attacks against the Blockchain industry have grown exponentially. Group-IB collected and investigated incidents and has provided analysis below on the main types of successful theft conducted by hackers.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
Over the last two decades national policy makers drew special attention to the implementation of policy tools which foster international cooperation in the fields of science, technology, and innovation. In this paper, we look at cases of Russian-German collaboration to examine the initiatives of the Russian government aimed at stimulating the innovation activity of domestic corporations and small and medium enterprises. The data derived from the interviews with companies’ leaders show positive effects of bilateral innovative projects on the overall business performance alongside with major barriers hindering international cooperation. To overcome these barriers we provide specific suggestions relevant to the recently developed Russian Innovation Strategy 2020.