Теоретические аспекты управления возвратами тары в цепях поставок
In the theory and practice of logistics and supply chain management, more and more attention is paid to return flows management.There are a sufficiently large number of research works that has been devoted to the reverse logistics of goods: there are many technologies and best practices that have been successfully implemented.
As for the tasks of managing returns of transport items and packaging, they have been left outside the scope of experts' attention for a long time. Recently, the activity of advertising campaigns for pulling and pallets rental has increased in Russia. Some companies (mainly in manufacturing and trading sectors of FMCG) are going to implement, are already implementing or reporting substantial savings from projects for organizing container return management. Nevertheless, there are still many gaps for researchers and business community.
The article provides an overview of recent publications on the returnable containers management, analyzes terminology in this area, identifies and analyzes the main strategies for managing return flows of containers.The study shows that the issues of transport items return management have not received adequate coverage in Russian scientific and business literature. Moreover, despite the variety of foreign studies there is no basic terminology in this field and systematization of supplychain configuration alternatives. In addition, fragmentation of information in open sources about the practice of implementing / operating transport items management systems in Russian bussiness makes it relevant to conduct research on this topic.
Supply Chain Management in modern conditions requires close integration of business processes of transport companies and information technology. We know that today there are a large number of applications and information systems for the automation of logistics activities. Currently there is no complete and consistent classification of software products of the Transportation Management System (TMS). Their diversity is relevant in the context of the fourth industrial revolution ("Industry 4.0"). It's difficult to navigate existing and emerging information systems and choose the most appropriate. The most important class TMS products are designed to plan, organize, and account for the operation of the vehicle fleet. However, their practical use is often ineffective for several reasons. One of the common problems in the implementation of the information system is the lack of or inadequate investigation of all operating activities of the enterprise and its strategic position in the market, the analysis of information flows, evaluation of employees of business roles, mechanism of decision-making. The reason for this is the lack of logistics management competencies in the field of information technology, and on the other hand, often poor understanding of IT-managers of the transport processes. Therefore, a practical approach synchronization strategic goals, objectives, business processes, supply chain management with business logic implemented information system. The paper discusses the use of proper Zachman enterprise architecture framework as this approach. This proper framework is simple enough to understand, and is known for a long time in the IT industry. Therefore, its use in the development of the information supply chain management system in practice, it seems appropriate for small and medium-sized freight enterprises. It is known that the business processes of all transport companies in general are often very similar. However, in practice often requires a flexible adaptation of the information system for each of them.
One of the main goal of any industrial company is making profit by producing high quality and competitive products. Mostly, the production of meat industry enterprises are not a complete cycle, companies are divided into farms which are specialized in cultivation of livestock and poultry, slaughters and meet processing plants. The latters are the final link in the chain of supply of animal origin raw materials. For these companies it is important to establish a procurement process so that to have a sufficient number of fresh high-quality resources for production and to minimize losses releated with forced sales, often with a discount, the damage of excessive amount of purchased raw materials and also avoid unnecessary costs associated with their storage. This problem will be discussed in this article.
It gives us great pleasure to welcome you on the 17th edition of the International Conference on Harbor, Maritime & Multimodal Logistics Modeling and Simulation (HMS 2015) part of the 12th International Multidisciplinary Modeling and Simulation Multiconference (I3M). HMS 2015 upholds a long tradition started in 1999 in the field of simulation and computer technologies applied to logistics, supply chain management, multimodal transportation, maritime environment and industrial logistics. As time goes by, HMS looks at the future of science and practice seeking to capture new and emerging development trends but not only. As challenges are put forward by the fast changing social, technical and economic situation, a great effort has been done to set up an advanced scientific program with lots of talks, seminars, research presentations and discussions. Valuable research experiences need to be shared for developing new knowledge and generating new groundbreaking ideas. This is, in essence, the inner meaning that HMS nurtures. Therefore HMS gives a not‐to‐be‐missed chance of networking among colleagues to set up new relations and strengthening long‐established ties on joint research interests. It’s our firm determination that HMS 2015, as indeed past and future editions, could end with some strong take‐home messages rewarding merits and scientific excellence. To this end, HMS provides the Authors of the best papers with the opportunity to extend their works for publication in International Journals Special Issues.
This chapter presents a review of the current literature on theoretical and empirical studies of flow experience (or optimal experience) within Internet-mediated environments. The concept of flow as introduced by Csikszentmihalyi is described, the parameters characterizing optimal forms of experience are discussed, as well as data collection methods which are most often used to measure flow. The particular Internetmediated environments connected with the studies of optimal experience and thoroughly reviewed in the chapter include online (1) shopping, (2) learning, (3) game playing, and (4) interaction. A brief overview of the projects in the field, initiated and performed by the author and his colleagues, is also presented.
Supply chain management is rather new scientific field that reflects the concept of integrated business planning. This concept should be experts and practitioners in logistics and strategic management. Today, integrated planning to become a reality thanks to the development of information technology and computer technology. At the same time to achieve a competitive advantage is not enough high-speed, low-cost data transfer process. In order to effectively apply information technology tools necessary to develop a quantitative analysis of the effectiveness of supply chain management. The mam element of this tool are optimization models that reveal the complex interactions, the wave and the synergies that arise in supply chain management. In this article we consider one of the classes of such models - the so-called dynamic models of conveyor systems, processing of applications.
This article reviews the modern approaches to the analysis of conflict situations in a supply chain. Four main areas of conflict analysis are identified and discussed in the paper: mathematical methods, hierarchical analysis, total cost modeling business processes.
According to various estimates global GDP is about 60-70 trillion dollars, at the same time the costs of logistics in the world accounts for 12 trillion dollars per year. These figures are comparable to costs associated with armaments, public health service and other important areas of human activity.
Consequently, the search of practical ways and development of effective mechanisms for reducing logistics costs is a major problem, the solving of which will improve efficiency and competitiveness of enterprises. Thus, the purpose of this paper is the development of methods and models for EOQ calculation in supply chains as well as development of matrix of decision-making for the design of new modified EOQ models, designed to optimize logistics costs of companies in supply chains.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management