Анализ текущего состояния научных исследований в области робастного хэширования изображений
The development of an Internet of things concept has led to an essential increase in the amount of data processed via the Internet. Multimedia data constitute a significant proportion of this information. This type of data often contains user’s personal information or copyright protected data. The issue of copyright protection of digital imagery has remained topical for the last decades. Traditional information protection tools cannot provide the required level of image protection from possible threats due to specific features of format representation. This article contains a comparative analysis of published research papers concerned with the robust image hashing as one of possible methods of copyright protection of digital imagery. It also includes a classification of robust image hashing methods, discussing their advantages and drawbacks, and their major characteristics. At the end of the article some directions of further research are outlined.
One of the most popular types of network communities today is knowledge exchange communities (practice communities) that represent social communities, members of which are involved in collaboration and the crucialcondition here is their communication.The main components of knowledge exchange communities are the following:
- Knowledge area. As a rule, knowledge area is the ground for interaction that influences originality of thecommunity and formation of its specific features that make community members participate in collaboration and contribute intellectually in community development.
- Group of people interested in this knowledge.
- Collaboration of participants and their common theoretic and practice tasks.
This 2-volume set constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th Iberian Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, IbPRIA 2019, held in Madrid, Spain, in July 2019.
The 99 papers in these volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from 137 submissions. They are organized in topical sections named:
Part I: best ranked papers; machine learning; pattern recognition; image processing and representation.
Part II: biometrics; handwriting and document analysis; other applications.
Formulas for the asymptotics of some class of integrals of rapidly oscillating functions that generalize the well-known stationary phase method, which were obtained in the previous paper of the author, are applied to integrals arising in the well-known tsunami hydrodynamic piston model in the case of a constant pool bottom. As a result, asymptotic formulas are obtained for the head part of the wave for large values of the time elapsed since the occurrence of the tsunami. These formulas contain some special reference integrals and have different forms depending on combinations of wave and time parameters.
According to several Member States Copyright regimes, laws and regulations should be publicly accessible, free of charge, as only free access complies with basic standards of democracy, rule of law and transparency. Indeed, legal text is generally exempted from Copyright protection. However, what should we do with privately created rules, i.e. technical standards incorporated in laws by reference? Are technical standards incorporated by reference 'law', and exempted from Copyright protection, or something else? On the contrary, if such technical standards are not 'law', but the result of private intellectual creativity, access may restricted. Generally, Standard-Setting Organizations have been charging for access to technical standards claiming copyright protection. However, from the recent James Elliott case, we now know that EU harmonized standards, i.e. technical standards referred to in certain EU directives, forms part of EU law and may be interpreted by the European Court of Justice. So, no copyright? European harmonized standards are freely available for copying, uploading and downloading? Well, it depends. Indeed, the James Elliot case raises interesting questions of both constitutional and commercial character in reference to the status of technical standards incorporated by reference in law, of which some are discussed in this article.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.