Экспортируй и меняйся: ключевые задачи быстрорастущих технологических компаний в России
The article presents the results of a survey of the Russian fast-growing innovative companies participating in the national rating “Techuspekh” (rating ‘TechUp’). As a part of the study, we 81 surveyed companies and interviewed the company’s ten executives. The aim of the researchers was an analysis of the development of export companies and solving their organisational and management problems. More than half of the companies consider the domestic market as a priority. However, despite this, three-quarters of firms operate in foreign markets. The share of exports in revenue is still small and averages 10 per cent. It seems that companies are more likely to probe foreign markets. Financial terms of supply, organisation of after-sales service, advertising and work with the brand remain the weak side of exporting companies. The main directions of organisational and managerial changes in these companies over the past three years were: scaling of production capacity, digitalisation of business, development of HR-system and development of work with consumers. Among the main organisational problems to be solved in the future, the companies mentioned the weak development of sales in foreign markets, the problems of stimulating and motivating staff, and the lack of efficiency of existing business processes. At the same time, many of the surveyed managers do not pay enough attention to the systematic work on the analysis of changes in the organisational and managerial environment of the company and the planning of measures to improve it.
The article presents the results of foreign trade block modelling, as an integrated part of the Input-Output tool, including sub-blocks with calculations of imports and exports. Factor demand functions for imports are described, as well as demand functions for Russian non-energy exports. Method of transition from export forecast estimates compiled in groups of customs classifier to national commodity classifier is described.
The article addresses the main issues hindering adaptation of Russian business to the terms and standards of the World Trade Organization in the framework of international economic integration. The author outlines the main areas of cooperation between business and government, as well as proposes some of the methods for the adaptation of Russian business in the framework of Russia’s accession to the WTO and entering the international trade space. The close relationship between the processes of international economic integration and adaptation of Russian business to the standards and norms of the World Trade Organization is emphasized.
Over the past decade Russia has experienced stable economic growth with Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growing by 7 percent per year from 1998 to 2007. While the nation still enjoys a relatively healthy growth rate, analysis shows that the sources for the future growth are limited and to boost growth Russia should rely on increasing labor productivity. Improving productivity will impose new demands on Russia's workforce requiring better skills to satisfy the needs of economy growth. The international business environment survey reports that Russia's private sector considers the lack of skills and education of workers to be the most severe constraint on its expansion and growth. Despite the very high level of formal education attained by Russian workers the problem behind this may be explained by the current quality and content of education, which does not develop the necessary skills and competences demanded by the labor market. This report examines the reasons and the consequences of this skills deficit, which constrain productivity and limits innovation ultimately stifling accelerated economic growth in Russia. The objectives of the report are: 1) to deepen the understanding of the structure and composition of this skills deficit by analyzing in detail the demand for and supply of particular cognitive and non-cognitive skills; 2) to review the capacity and problems of the current systems for skills provision in Russia both through the public and private provision thereby identifying some of the underlying reasons for this skills gap; and 3) to support the development of evidence-based policy making in professional education and training, which will lead to a system better responding to the challenges of the economy and labor market.
The article describes the principle conditions making the combined the combined rail-road transportation more attractive than straight trucking. Combined transportation is examined as a market product. It is underlined that the combined transportation projects should be based on the analysis of the market players' behaviour, interests and inter-relations aas well as on the special features of the particular transport flows.
The development of Russian economy has led to the growing interest in stock market as an im-portant source of financing for companies. The paper examines the tools of stock market for company financing, particularly, the Initial Public Offering for financing companies' innovation activity. Fur-thermore, the paper investigates the advantages and disadvantages of equity issue, considers the crite-ria of its economic efficiency, and gives practical examples of equity issues conducted by innovative companies.
The article analyzes the issue of Russia»s accession to the WTO and the need to improve its national competitiveness. The key competitiveness factors of national economies and the country's rating by the global competitiveness index are determined. The writer believes that the country»s position by the indicator in question could be strengthened by the advanced development of education and improvement of the innovative capacity based on the coordinated actions by the government and private businesses.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management