The effect of enabling factors on social innovation in Russian non-profit organisations
Purpose – This paper explores the factors that are associated with a capacity of non-profits to develop social innovations. The study aims to examine factors in the Russian national context with weak non-profit sector with an ambiguous governmental policy toward the sector.
Design/methodology/approach – The study is based on survey data (n=850 NPOs, 2015, Russia). The paper analyses the likelihood of a non-profit to introduce social innovations due to external framework and organisational factors. Regression analysis was applied in the study.
The study is based on a new sampling approach and examines non-profits as producers of social innovations, but not cases of social innovations per se.
Findings – The results demonstrate that the capacity of an NPO to develop social innovations is explained by the following enabling factors: cross-boundary collaborative relations, volunteer involvement, and diversity of the revenue structure. Composition of innovative sub-sector, opportunities and chances of getting into this group are explicitly determined and regulated by the current governmental policy towards the sector. That is that large and established non-profits are more likely to be innovative in Russia, unlike expected grass-roots.
Originality/value – The paper applies a theoretical framework to analyse the social innovation concept in a non-Western context with weak civil society and an influential government. From this perspective the results present empirical quantitative verification of the determinants of social innovation capacity of NPOs. The paper is among the first to apply a reverse sampling principle and examine social innovations via NPOs as producers. The paper produced, for the first time, an empirical description of the nature of innovative activity by NPOs and an estimation of the extent of this activity in Russia.
The article presents a comparative analysis of the internal structure and principles of the organization of volunteer associations in Russia and France from the perspective of the sociology of organizations. The theoretical framework of the study combines the concepts of the neo-institutionalist approach in economic sociology and the network approach to organizations. Data are drawn from a series of in-depth expert interviews with the leaders of socially-oriented volunteer organizations in France and Russia (14 interviews). The author also conducted analysis of legal documents and communication materials of volunteer associations in each of the countries studied (approximately 40 documents totaling over 200 pages of text). It appears that the Russian and French volunteer sectors differ not only in structure and legal status of voluntary organizations, but also in the conceptual definition of volunteering. Drawing on empirical data, it was found that the French volunteer associations exist in a structured institutional environment, while Russian voluntary associations perform in a poorly structured, constantly changing environment, the main problem of which is the lack of cognitive and socio-political legitimacy. Thus, the French model of volunteering is more similar to the mechanism of institutional organizations, while Russian voluntary associations are more typical of networked organizations. This research suggests a different vision of the nature of voluntary organizations and argues that it is impossible to ignore national characteristics in the development of social policy. Conclusions drawn from this research could be applied to the development of public policy regarding the non-profit sector in Russia.
dance4life is a globally active organization within the fields of HIV, sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and the Millennium Development Goals, specifically aiming to establish a social youth movement consisting of 1 million agents4change by 2014. The central mission of dance4life is to power a movement that creates change at global and community level by taking action to improve young people’s SRHR, and in particular, improving access to sexuality education and youth-friendly services, and to challenge stigma and discrimination and break down taboos that surround sexuality, especially focusing on HIV and AIDS. KIT was invited to partner with dance4life on an impact assessment of dance4life’s work, with a focus on mixed methods and the involvement of the young people themselves. The assessment took place in two countries: Uganda and Russia. A pilot study was undertaken in the Netherlands to test the qualitative research instruments.
This book represents the 8th volume of results obtained from the monitoring of the status of civil society in Russia that is conducted by the Centre for Studies of Civil Society and the Nonprofit Sector (the National Research University “Higher School of Economics”) in conjunction with the leading sociological centres of Russia. The empirical base of this publication is formed from the data of All-Russian survey of population aged 18 years and older, that was based on representative sample and carried out in 83 regions of Russia in 2259 localities within the framework of expert services on the strategy of socio-economic development of Russia till 2020. The data provided characterizes engagement of Russians in volunteering, charitable donations and other social and political practices. The data describes determinants of Russians connected with responsibility for actions taken in their neighborhoods and localities and the country at large and their sense of the opportunity to exert their influence over it. This book will be of use to social and political scientists, economists, teachers and students of the social sciences and anyone, interested in the development of civil society in Russia.
Attraction and management of money (donations and earned), people, plant, technology, and reputation as resources are keys for nonprofit organizations (NPOs), including membership associations (MAs). This chapter reviews resource attraction from a marketing theory perspective. While traditional transaction marketing is often dominant, we argue that relationships and relationship marketing are at the heart of association resource attraction processes, considering what the association can produce or provide and member-beneficiary capacities. Resource attraction and maintenance are challenging, given competition for resources among associations. Engaging various relational stakeholders is key to success. Most attention is given to paid-staff associations, but we also discuss all-volunteer associations. While larger associations are likely to concentrate on financial resource attraction, smaller ones tend to build more successfully on volunteer members as their key resources.
There was described the forms of the existence and terms of dissemination of social innovations in volunteer activities.
S-Theory as a Comprehensive Explanation of Charitable Giving: Testing a Theory of Everyone on Russian National Sample Interview Data
Implementation of information communication technologies, which accelerate the process of collection, accumulation, storage, processing and transmission of educational information, into higher education syllabus is critical nowadays. The given article puts forward the issues of blended learning and describes the Web based teaching model which has been successfully tested to be used in the system of higher education as the foundation of preparing soft ware engineers. As the development of technologies and appearance of various educational platforms are accelerating it is pivotal for the universities to enter into tough competition and create appealing educational tracks for contemporary language learners. The study aims to justify the effectiveness of the suggested model by thoroughly examining the pros and cons of different types of mixed teaching as opposed to traditional classroom education. This paper involves studies on the experimental implementation of the suggested wiki-based model in English teaching experience among 100 NRU HSE Nizhniy Novgorod branch learners where experimental use of wiki has proven to be a means of improving writing and speaking skills as well as developing the motivation of learners, selftracking progress system and personalized learning.
The book illustrates practices of Russian magistracy cases in regional and leading universities. The authors covered core issues, models and development points of the master's institute in Russia. Prospects for its development were also indicated. The paperwork presents the cases of graduate schools, magistracy design in the context of changing norms, rules and institutions at Russian universities. This research is the result of a net-team working in the project “The Birth of Russian Masters” (supporting by the Potanin Foundation). The publication can be recommended to specialists in the educational sciences, researchers of managerial practices at universities, teachers, employees related to the implementation of practical programs and a wide range of readers.
The official method of measuring poverty in Russia is based on an absolute approach that uses an expertly calculated subsistence level as a poverty line. However, there is an ongoing debate about the possible use of other approaches to measuring poverty. This study focuses on identifying the relative ‘poverty line’ relevant to contemporary Russian society as a threshold of high poverty risk. Drawing on representative all-Russian surveys, the authors conclude that the relative poverty thresholds set at 0.5 and 0.75 times the median per capita family income identify different subgroups of the poor. A median threshold of 0.75 highlights poverty of the elderly, who are not considered to be poor by the absolute approach officially used in Russian statistics, but need attention in terms of social policy.
The current paper provides a brief overview of subjective well-being studies in Russia. The authors analyze definitions and measurement of such concepts as «subjective quality of life», «social mood», «social well-being». The concept of «social well-being», which has the widest application among Russian social researchers, has two possible interpretations. Only its narrow interpretation can be treated as an analogue of subjective well-being. The paper also describes existing Russian and cross-country datasets which can be used for investigation of time trends and cross-country variation of subjective well-being.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.