Marx on technical change, heterogeneous labour and distribution: Some notes
The paper examines the arguments held by Marx’s contribution to the study of technical change, distribution, and heterogeneous labour. In contraposition to some mainstream views on these issues, we show through textual exegesis that the upshot of Marx’s analysis is that technological progress would not only mean an eventual rise in unemployment; it is also a means to reduce the likelihood of distributional conflict between profits and wages.
The goal of this paper is to create the foundations of the contemporary institutional theory of inflation. According to the hypothesis, the inflationary process (its scopes and features) in the contemporary economies is concerned with the destruction of the “internal stabilizing mechanism”. Such mechanism includes an aggregate of institutions providing antiinflationary immunity of the
economic system. In order to develop the hypothesis, authors discover and analyze five groups of institutions which create the internal stabilizing mechanism of the economy. These groups are the hard budget constraints; the social accord regarding the shares of specific groups of agents in the real national income; institutions supporting relative abundance and reprodictivity of the resources in the long run; institutions providing relatively high degree of competition in the most markets; system of the long-run planning and forecasting and corresponding system of the long-term contractual relations. Authors discover and explore contemporary institutional mechanisms of the budget constraints softening: transition to the conception of functional finances in the budget sphere and development of new forms of the money supply endogenization. Further, using Palley model as an example, the paper shows that under the absence of social accord regarding distribution of income and the supporting role of institutions of
endogenous creation of money supply the process of conflict inflation develops. Authors show that various outcomes of such struggle are possible depending on the different distribution of market power between interactive agents.
The globalization of services plays an important role in the general process of the globalization of science, technology and innovation. Liberalization and advances in information and communication technologies has transformed knowledge-intensive services - not simply improving their trade prospects, but altering how industrial activities are conducted, integrating services and goods and contributing to the unbundling of services activities, their outsourcing and offshoring. These processes allow multiple points of entry for new types of organization, including the expansion of new knowledge-intensive service activities and the development of new international service suppliers. This has implications both for innovations in these activities, and for their role in contributing to innovation systems around the world
In article a process of working over up-to-date Russian edition of Marxian "Capital" (3 volumes) in interaction with international project MEGA (Marx-Engels Gesamtausgabe) is described and analyzed. The content of historic-economic materials and documents including in these volumes as appendices is reflected. An accent is made on translated articles of L. von Bortkiewicz, M. Bouniatian, T. Avdalbegian, F. Quesnay, W. Leontieff, which are for the first time published in these volumes.
New version of the theory of reproduction, based on the switched mode of reproduction unexplored till now is offered.
Peculiarities of epistolary genre, its evolution. The place of this genre among other types of text representation and communication. The role of letters in the history of sociological thought. Marx and Durkheim as the authors of letters.
Some basic principles of the history of sociology are consedered; the key ideas served as a basis of sociology; the intellectual portraits of some classics and currents of sociological thought (Comte, Marx, Durkheim, Pareto, etc.) are given.
Starting from Marx’s unpublished excerpts from the Essai sur la Nature du Commerce en General by Richard Cantillon, this paper traces the impact that the reading of the Essai exercised on both Marx’s assessment of Cantillon and his own view of the origins of political economy. It is shown that closer acquaintance of Marx with Quesnay’s Tableau Economique and with Cantillon’s Essai occurred almost simultaneously, and this joint discovery led him to supplement his value-centred view of early classical economists with a new circular flow, or macroeconomic perspective within which Cantillon’s role was recognised to be crucial. Marx’s analysis of the CantillonQuesnay connection is supported by a review of an early contribution to Cantillon scholarship by the Soviet economist Alexandra Eidelnant.
The thirty second issue of the collection includes two sections: «Theoretical problems of economics and institutional reforms» and «Applied problems and practice of institutional reforms in Russia
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.