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Article

A comparative example of cyclostationary description of a non-stationary random process

Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2019. Vol. 1163. No. 1. P. 1-6.

The paper deals with cyclostationarity as a natural extension of stationarity as the key property in designing the widely-used models of random processes. The comparative example of two processes, one is wide-sense stationary and the other is wide-sense cyclostationary, is given in the paper and reveals the lack of the conventional stationary description based on one-dimensional autocorrelation functions. It is shown that two significantly different random processes appear to be characterized by exactly the same autocorrelation function while their two-dimensional autocorrelation functions provide outlook where the difference between processes of two above-mentioned classes becomes much clearer. More concise representation by expanding the two-dimensional autocorrelation function to its Fourier series where the cyclic frequency appears as the transform parameter is illustrated. The closed-form expression for the components of the cyclic autocorrelation function is also given for the random process which is an infinite pulse train made of rectangular pulses with randomly varying amplitudes.