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Article

Двадцать семь лет спустя: есть ли посткоммунистические государства?

The article analyzes results of political development of post-Communist countries. It looks at various indices and quantitative measurements of modernization, democratization and state capacity, such as Bertelsmann Transformation Index, The Economist Democracy index, etc. This analysis allows the author to assert correlation between success of a country in building market economy and democratization on one hand, and attaining higher state capacity, on the other. The article further proceeds to discuss evolution of political regimes, electoral systems, effects in changes in the regimes and systems, as well as the current phase of development of political parties’ systems. In most cases the article compares and contrasts trends characteristic of respectively eastern and western parts of the post-Communist space. The article also analyzes impact of external (the aspiration to join the European family of nations) and internal factors on the choice of transformation strategies at different phases of post-Communist developement Certain attention is paid to the phenomenon of retraditionalization which is observed both in eastern and western parts of the postcommunist space. The last sub-chapter of the article constitutes a brief case-study which reveals correlation between the level of development and institutional maturity of the political parties’ system and overall progress of a given country in democratization.  The author concludes by asserting that the term of “post-Communist countries” did not exhaust its validity to this day for comparative political studies because in most of these countries transformation processes are still underway.