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Вариативность нормативного закрепления понятия "культурные ценности" в законодательстве ЕАЭС

The national heritage of each state, which includes cultural values, is carefully protected by national legislation. Meanwhile, there is a difference in approaches to the definition of cultural values in the normative acts of the EAEU member States, which is aggravated by the ambiguity of interpretation of some provisions of interstate acts. This increases the risks of loss of cultural heritage and weakens customs control during the movement of cultural property across the customs border of the EAEU.

In the article there is an analysis of the "cultural" legislation of all the EAEU member States in the context of identifying the definition of cultural values that fall under the restrictive legal regime. The comparative legal and formal legal methods are used. Attention is drawn to the lack of unification in the legislative regulation of the movement of cultural property across the customs border of the EAEU. It is concluded that it is necessary to introduce terminological uniformity in the national normative formulations that define cultural values, with the revision and systematization of the existing lists of these objects in the EAEU.To do this, it is mandatory to comply with the principles of legal technique: the brevity of legislative definitions, clarity of wording, the inadmissibility of mismatch of definitions of one concept in different regulations within the same national system of legislation. It is also suggested that, taking into account the technical and legal nuances of the definition of cultural values, those that fall under the restrictive regime of movement across the customs border can be grouped in a single list agreed and approved by the interstate act of the EAEU outside the "Single list of goods to which non-tariff regulation measures are applied in trade with third countries".