How the Home Matches the Person: the “Relevance of the Home Environment Questionnaire”
In a questionnaire study with N = 1730 participants, aged from 11 to 72 years (M = 20.4, Me = 19, SD = 6,96), 60% females, we developed the Relevance of the Home Environment Questionnaire (RHEQ) aimed at measuring parameters of the home environment as inhabitants’ eco-social resource. Results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the seven-factor structure of the questionnaire was uniquely identified. The scales were titled as follows: Privacy, Potential, Self-presentation, Ergonomics, Home detachment, Plasticity, and Historicity. Consistency coefficients (Cronbach’s alpha) of scales ranged from .91 to .94. Age trends in four out of seven scales were found. Potential scores were higher in women, while Home detachment - in men. Content validity was investigated by comparison of home relevance scores in students living in their own homes or dormitories. Convergent validity was explored by measuring correlations of the scales with the Functionality of the Home Environment Questionnaire and the Home Attachment Scale. All psychometric properties are satisfactory. Data was discussed with regard to the possible applications in research, expertise, and psychotherapy.
This paper discusses the design of exploratory objects that stimulate curiosity and exploration without instructions or explicitly posed problems. It is proposed that such an object can be considered as a specially designed meta-affordance as a challenge to curiosity and exploratory activity containing a variety of different affordances of lower levels. The concepts of deexploratory and counter-exploratory objects are also introduced. Deexploratory objects prevent non-desirable curiosity and exploration. Counter-exploratory objects are designed to do damage during their exploration. It is concluded that the comparison of objects having different specially designed exploratory, deexploratory and counter-exploratory components provide an opportunity to better understand practices of guided activity (management, manipulation) with positive and negative intentions. English full text: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322644152_Exploratory_and_Counter-Exploratory_Objects_Design_of_Meta-Affordances
Based on the environmental psychology researches (Jorgensen & Stedman, 2006; Korpela et al., 2002; Pretty, et al., 2003) we have assumed that home attachment, being a reflection of subjective satisfaction with home environment and evaluation of home in terms of emotional closeness and place identity, contributes to dwellers’ mental health. To measure home attachment we have modified and adapted Place Attachment Scale developed by J. Inglis (Inglis, 2008). Mental health was measured using Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (Tennant et al., 2007) and А. Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence Scale (Osin, 2007). Participants were 178 young adults (Mage=24.1, 38 males, 140 females). The results have shown that home attachment is a reliable predictor of psychological well-being and sense of coherence; relationships between these variables are reciprocal. Men’s mental health is more dependent on home attachment than women’s one. The lower the level of home attachment is, the more sensitive to it the psychological well-being and sense of coherence are. In discussion, the high importance of instrumental study of home attachment as the predictor of mental health is argued.
The author of the article analyzes the system of intellectual capacity of the country in the context of the current state of crime and developing of socio-economic environment in the country. He also shows the intellectual property's place in it, addresses the role of criminal law in the protection of all the elements of this capacity and property, makes suggestions for improving legislation, including its criminal and legal component. A particular emphasis the author placed on strengthening the relevance of the criminal law protection of rights and legitimate interests of the representatives of creative professions.
The empirical study examines the bilateral relations between the friendly home environment and gratitude as emotion and a grateful trait. The sample consisted of 159 students (32 male, 117 female, Mage = 18.1, SDage = 2.3). For the study of the home environment variables, the following questionnaires were used: the Functionality of the home environment, the Relevance of the home environment, and Home attachment scale. To measure gratitude, the Gratitude scale and the Gratitude, Resentment, and Appreciation Test (GRAT) were used. In accordance to expectations, it was obtained that friendly home environment (mainly functionality) contributed to the manifestation of all aspects of grateful trait, and experience of gratitude (basically, Abundance) predicted a positive image of the friendly house.
In terms of increasing social mobility, migration processes and weakening of territorial and socio-cultural identity, it is important to study place (home) attachment. Based on the environmental psychology researches of place attachment phenomenology (Scannell & Gifford, 2010) and home environment preferences (Coolen, 2011) we define home attachment as close emotional and cognitive bonds with one’s home environment and functional satisfaction with its content leading to the individual desire to maintain closeness with home. The aim of the study was to examine how home attachment is interconnected with the ideal (desired) and actual home environment’s multilevel functionality. Our tools were: developed by authors Functionality of Home Environment Questionnaire, The Personal Relevance of Home Environment and Home Attachment Scale. In total, 13 variables were investigated. Participants were 346 adults (Mage=26,6, SD=10,5; 138 males, 208 females), living in Moscow. There has been found that: home attachment is strongly predicted by the real image of home, while the ideal image has little effect on home attachment. The relationship between home attachment and home environment’s functionality is gender-specific: women's are more sensitive to the affordances of real home environment than men, whereas ideal home has a stronger impact on men’s home attachment; men's and women's home attachments are predicted by the different functional character
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.