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Article

Российская модель региональной кластерной политики в туризме: теоретические и практические аспекты

Журнал экономической теории. 2018. Т. 15. № 4. С. 607-620.
Кощеев Д. А., Исопескуль О. Ю., Третьякова Е. А.

Within the conditions of the upward tendency in the level of competition between regions, it becomes critical to identify the most effective practices in the sphere of comprehensive territorial development through specialization on certain industries. One of the most widely occurred practices in the Russian Federation is the regional cluster development in tourism, which has been popularized since 2006–2007. The special features of domestic legislation and institutional context created a special Russian model of regional cluster policy in tourism. The results of such policy vary from region to region and differ from similar practice abroad. This necessitates the comprehensive analysis of the national model and the development of the recommendation system about its most effective application at the regional level. The general hypothesis of the research could be framed as follows: the Russian model has a system of internal limitations connected with the previous experience of public administration in the command economy. It limits a private initiative hampering the development of a tourism cluster. The basic data of the study includes a set of legislation governing cluster policy in Russian and abroad, as well as a set of publications, which let us reconstruct national models of tourism cluster in different countries. Within the research, we have conducted a comprehensive post evaluation and have identified a set of scientific schools, which formed modern national models. The second part of the research is devoted to the reconstruction of the national models of cluster policy in tourism based on the case-study method. The method allowed to describe the national models and helped us to classify them. The third part of the article describes the Russian model of cluster policy in tourism. On this stage, we have identified its strengths and weaknesses and suggested a system of recommendations aimed at the improvement of the national model at regional and federal levels. We have also developed certain recommendations on the most effective work with this system in the current conditions. Keywords: cluster policy, tourism cluster, tourism, tourism cluster theory, tourism cluster in Russia