Понятие объекта культурного наследия и его признаки в правовой науке
Purpose. In 2013 and in 2014, Federal Law No. 73-FZ of 25 June 2002 “On Cultural Heritage Objects (Monuments of History and Culture) of the Nations of the Russian Federation” was amended, including, the conceptual apparatus of the cultural heritage system. The latter is divided into tangible and intangible objects; the material cultural heritage includes monuments of history and culture. Objects of cultural heritage, according to legislative definition, have a complex composite structure, which requires analysis and systematization, since at the moment this concept and related to it are used in other acts of substantive law, in particular, in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Objects of cultural heritage, according to legislative definition, have a complex composite structure, which requires analysis and systematization, since at the moment this concept and related to it are used in other acts of substantive law, in particular, in the Criminal Code. Methodology: analysis, synthesis, legal, structural, functional, axiological methods. Conclusions. The object of cultural heritage has the following features: the immovable nature of the cultural heritage object (and associated movable objects and archaeological objects until they are included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation), anthropogenic character, age and cultural value of the cultural heritage object — is of fundamental importance as the basis for assigning the object the status of an object of cultural heritage, formal status in the Unified State Register of Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Russian Federation. Scientific and practical significance. The carried out research allows to specify the concept of objects of a cultural heritage and its component parts, thus, defining, in particular, subjects of crimes and offenses that encroach on monuments of history and culture. The findings of this study can be used to create regulatory legal acts that regulate the protection of cultural heritage sites, as well as to be applied in the training process in the training of specialists in the field of criminal and administrative law.
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to introduce findings of comparative analysis and various models based on cultural heritage resources to foster regional development.
Design/methodology/approach – Comparison of operational schemes, market positions and branding of three successful cultural heritage centers in Germany, Great Britain and Russia demonstrates a variety of regional development models based on cultural resources and tourism development, and reveals their advantages and disadvantages.
Findings – The paper evidences the potential of cultural resources and the tourism sector as drivers for regional development, and helps formulate basic recommendations for the Russian situation requiring elaboration of adequate financial and social instruments.
Originality/value – The paper provides a complex analysis of different operational models in three European countries with regard to specific national situations and specificity of heritage operational management.
This paper discusses the legacy of Nikolai Antsiferov (1889–1958), a Russian historian who suggested a unique approach to urban studies in which literature played the key role. In the first section of this paper, the genesis of Antsiferov‘s conceptions of the study of urban history and the image of the city are outlined. The second section provides an analysis of his ideas on the literary image of St. Petersburg and the theory of literary-themed guided tours, which were articulated in his works of the 1920s. The finalsection of the article sheds light on the reception and legacy of Antsiferov‘s intellectual ideas in the modern humanities and assesses its significance in the modern context of interdisciplinarity.
In present extended abstract cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible, is considered as a facilitator of cultural and event tourism development in rural territories.
Tourism development in St. Petersburg, which is a major cultural centre, has improved in terms of the tourist flow; both tourism types and tourist products have become more diverse. These improvements give ground for a fairly optimistic prognosis for the tourist industry in St. Petersburg. At the same time, there are a number of factors which tend to endanger sustainable development of tourism in St. Petersburg. The current situation calls for a more flexible and innovative approach to industry development. Among these factors we can single out the pronounced seasonal character of tourism, short-term visits of most of the tourists, the rather conservative, academic image of the St. Petersburg culture, which compromises the city’s appeal as a tourist destination for certain tourist segments. Apart from that, the critical limitation imposed on the development of cultural tourism in general and of creative tourism in particular is the low involvement of the population in cultural and tourist events held in the city. All in all this makes it relevant to look for new approaches for creative tourism development in St. Petersburg as an important tool for the sustainable development of the industry.
The article aims at considering the existing and potential competitive advantages of St. Petersburg as a tourist destination on the basis of creative tourism development.
The main objectives of the preprint was to map and give an account of the Viking Route heritage sites located in Russia, to reveal the most important of them and to analyse their status today when it comes to maintenance, marketing and open up for tourism. This book is edited within the Framework Contract: Study on the Viking Route Heritage Sites in Russia financed by the European Commission and implemented by HTSPE and EuroTrends. The idea behind this book is to highlight to the public the deep interaction that were at hand between the Scandinavian countries and the states on the eastern side of the Baltic Sea in the Viking Age, and point out our common history.
The aim of this article is to study an influence of various cultural festivals in St. Petersburg on development of the creative industries in the city. The definition of prospects of the development of culture of «Russia’s Northern Capital» demands the analysis of an existing scientific and administrative discourse concerning interaction in a city on Neva the rich cultural heritage and new creative industries. The situation of St. Petersburg as а large European cultural center and one of the important cities of the Russian Federation allows to define prospects of its development as «creative city». It includes also the analysis of cultural, social and economic consequences of the development of festival movement.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/