Участие стран в глобальных цепочках стоимости на примере сектора потребительской электроники
The research is devoted to the investigation into dynamics of countries’ participation in consumer electronics global value chains caused by operations of its leading manufacturers. Sector that is under study ranks among the most important high-tech industries of the world economy, which generates considerable volume of added value created by producers and suppliers from different countries of origin. This fact lets identify the most important trends of value added redistribution on the global level. The hypothesis states that in spite of outsourcing of standardized operations to developing countries and emergence of leading Asian producers, the distribution of value added within the global consumer electronics sector is biased towards industrialized countries. In the research we study the models of global value chain formation implemented by companies from different countries, we analyze statistics presented by the OECD and the WTO that reflects the movement of value added across borders on the countries’ level, investigate present trends influencing the sector in order to uncover perspective directions of value added distribution between countries. As a result, the suggested hypothesis is confirmed. There was found a concentration of knowledge base accounting for the highest value added in the group of industrialized countries. At the same time, the share of value added originating from developing countries has remained almost unchanged. The findings of the research could be applied both by the authorities to develop effective industrial policies, as well as by separate companies seeking for new competitive advantages.
The issue is devoted to outsourcing using by public authorities. In the issue there is the experience of using administrative processes in the RF subjects. The nature of public duties that can be outsourced are determined. Outsourcing is seen as a technology of public administration.
The role of strategic IT consulting in consulting service lifecycle is determined. Practical issues of its basic directions such as strategic IT audit, IT strategy development, IT service organization and transfer to outsourcing, are discussed.
The monograph is devoted to the identification and research of the control system of the Russian retail chains through outsourcing. The authors have developed and systematized theoretical and optional and methodological positions in relation to the outsourcing in Russian retail trade chain, taking into account risks. The authors offer model to optimize the management process of the outsourcing of specific business functions on the basis of new indicators: timeliness of transition to outsourcing; economy transition to outsourcing; the average time exceeded the planned duration of the transition to outsourcing; the average value of the planned costs excess.
The book can be interest to managers of various levels, experts in management consulting, researchers, teachers and students, studying management in modern organizations.
This paper contains theoretical foundations and practical insights for reasonable penetration of cloud computing technologies into modern business architectures. Its main novelty is that the strategic alignment model is considered from the cloud vendors' perspective. We discover the extent of cloud penetration into the company's business processes and give practical recommendations on choosing the amount of cloud services.
This article examines new forms of employment such as agency employment (loan work), outsourcing and outstaffing. The author gives a description of these forms of work, defines the differences between them and consider the position of the International Labor Organization on this issue.
In the article the international experience of management of employment in the public sector is shown, corresponding numerical calculations are given, the thought on possibility of its use in Russia is stated. The author believes that transfer of some functions into outsourcing in frameworks of the policy of the new public management (NPM) can be one of directions of perfection of the management of employment efficiency and payment in the public sector. Simultaneously he expresses his conviction that reduction of the number of the occupied should not be mechanical, but the thought over and gradual process assuming simultaneous increase of efficiency of activity in the sphere of the public management.
The paper analyzes how the agricultural sector applies outsourcing in its practice. What differs the outsourcing from other forms of cooperation of enterprises is identified. We show that an agro-enterprise could function as an outsourcee. Some ways of how outsourcing can be used in the agricultural production to make its profitability higher are proposed here.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.