Темы и вариации Чайковского: к интерпретации цикла “Зимнее утро” Бориса Пастернака
The article presents a reading of the cycle “Winter Morning” (“Zimnee utro”) from Boris Pasternak’s fourth book of poetry, Themes and Variations (Temy i variatsii, 1923). The cycle is constructed from variations on the images and motifs of predecessors, both poets and musicians, including Aleksandr Pushkin, Vasilii Zhukovskii, Apollon Maikov, Aleksandr Blok, and Petr Tchaikovskii and his Children’s Album. This analysis of the text – at the level of its lexical, rhythmic and syntactic features – demonstrates the profound convergence of music and poetry, the interweaving of literary and musical allusions, and the inclusion of contemporary experience into the course of history as basis for the creative transformation of the world in Pasternak’s poetics. With this analysis, we demonstrate why and how lyrical poetry functions as a key source for the reconstruction of the poet’s political, cultural-historical, conceptual, and spiritual views.
The article deals with the unknown poem of N.I. Yazvitsky that the author wrote in the period of mental disorder. We suggest some methods to work with such texts.
The article contains the contrastive analysis of the ways homeland/motherland is presented in Russian and English poetry. Titles of the poems devoted to their native country become material for this analysis.
The reports made at the 4,h Mandelstam Readings held on September 18-22,2011, comprise the best part of the book, but it also includes other articles on the life and works of Mandelstam. The first part called Mandelstam and Poland deals with interactions between the Russian poets life and Polish culture, the second part offers several studies of the poet’s biography, the third part - the Studies - is made up by articles on different aspects of Mandelstam’s textual studies and poetics. The part Reflexions includes materials on Mandelstam’s perception in the Russian cultural history. The book comprises a wide spectrum of voices and different approaches to Mandelstam, from academic ones to poetic ones. Among those who supplied their writing for this collection are Adam Pomorski, Iwona Smolka, Pyotr Mitzner, Anne Faivre-Dupegre, Sergey Vasilenko, Irena Verblovskaya, Aleksandr Zholkovsky, Marietta Chudakova, Leonid Vidgof, Vladimir Mikushevich, Leonid Katsis, Oleg Lekmanov, Natalya Gorbanevskaya, Uriy Freidin, Pavel Nerler, Lada Panova, Roman Timenchik, Boris Frezinsky, Irina Surat, Pavel Uspensky, Anna Yeskova, Natalya Petrova, Heinrich Kirschbaum etc.
The article is devoted to the century anniversary of Pushkins death, which was broadly celebrated in the USSR. On the basis of published and archive sources author reveals the content of cultural program, ideological trend of jubilee actions, and the participation of Moscow teenagers in the realization of high authority plans.
"Semiotics of Scandal" is the third collection of the series "Mechanisms of culture". It presents the materials of an international conference held at the Center for Slavic studies (Sorbonne, Paris). The authors, using different methodologies, analyze different forms of scandal as one of the dominant categories of the literary process, history, and politics.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.