Бунтовщики и флибустьеры: проблематика политической борьбы в «Бесах» Ф.М.Достоевского
The article is devoted to the analysis of political conflict in novel ‘Demons’ by F.M.Dostoevsky. Its secondary plot, describing a civil conflict, includes unusual designation of political opponents as ‘freebooters’. This particular term allows to expand traditional view on political problematics of this novel, which is usually confined to concepts of revolution and nihilism. Identification of political opponent as a pirate raises the conflict to a new level. From now on this is a struggle between land and sea, i.e. space of law against space of outlawry, where might makes right. Freebooter is banished from human society, he is not an ordinary criminal, but a hostis humani generis, enemy of mankind. Dostoevsky’s description of an ordinary conflict being escalated to this level allows to regard him not only as a prophet of future disasters, but as a chronicler of a catastrophe which had already taken place yet remained unnoticed.